The weight gain of imported cattle Brahman Cross heifers and steers at different arrival weights

Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan

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Title The weight gain of imported cattle Brahman Cross heifers and steers at different arrival weights
Pertambahan bobot badan sapi impor Brahman Cross heifers dan steers pada bobot kedatangan yang berbeda
 
Creator Amam, Amam
Haryono, Haryono
 
Subject Brahman cross
heifers
Cattle imported
Beef cattle
steers
 
Description The import of beef cattle to supply the national demand for meat has been regulated in the Regulation of the Indonesian Minister of Agriculture Number 108/Permentan/PD.410 /9/2014. This study aimed to assess the performance of imported cattle that came from Australia based on the Average Daily Gain (ADG). Observations were made on imported beef cattle from the Brahman Cross, which consisted of 2 types, namely heifers and steers. The focus of observation was on ADG of cattle with Come Weights (CW) ranging from 200, 300, and 400 kg. The imported cattle were fattened at the feedlot company for at least 106 days. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively and analyzed by independent samples test with the IBM SPSS Statistics 26 application program. The results showed that the maximum ADG of imported Brahman Cross cattle heifers at arrival weight (AW) 200, 300, and 400 kg were 2.01; 1.81; and 1.45 kg with an average ADG of 1.40; 1.17; and 1.10 kg, while the maximum ADG for this  steers type at arrival weight (AW) 200, 300, and 400 kg were 1.86; 2.53; and 1.96 kg with an average ADG of 1.44 each; 1.43; and 1.43 kg. The conclusion showed that the imported Brahman Crossbreeds of steers had a higher ADG than the heifers. Suggestions for feeder beef importing companies should choose the type of steers with an arrival weight (AW) of 300 kg, because cattle had the maximum potential of ADG.
Impor sapi bakalan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan daging nasional telah diatur di dalam Peraturan Menteri Pertanian Republik Indonesia Nomor 108/Permentan/PD.410/9/2014. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji performa sapi impor yang didatangkan dari Australia berdasarkan Pertambahan Bobot Badan (PBB). Observasi dilakukan pada sapi impor bakalan dari bangsa Brahman Cross yang terdiri dari 2 jenis, yaitu heifers dan steers. Fokus pengamatan pada PBB sapi dengan Bobot Datang (BD) kisaran 200, 300, dan 400 kg. Sapi impor tersebut digemukkan di perusahaan feedlot minimal selama 106 hari. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan analisis independent samples test dengan program aplikasi IBM SPSS Statistics 26. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa PBB maksimal sapi impor bangsa Brahman Cross jenis heifers pada berat kedatangan (BD) 200, 300, dan 400 kg masing-masing ialah 2,01; 1,81; dan 1,45 kg dengan rata-rata PBB masing-masing sebesar  1,40; 1,17; dan 1,10 kg, sedangkan PBB maksimal untuk jenis steers pada berat kedatangan (BD) 200, 300, dan 400 kg masing-masing ialah 1,86; 2,53; dan 1,96 kg dengan rata-rata PBB masing-masing sebesar 1,44; 1,43; dan 1,43 kg. Kesimpulan menunjukkan bahwa sapi impor bangsa Brahman Cross jenis steers memiliki PBB lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan jenis heifers. Saran untuk perusahaan importir sapi potong bakalan hendaknya memilih jenis steers pada berat kedatangan (BD) 300 kg, sebab sapi memiliki potensi PBB yang maksimal.
 
Publisher Politeknik Negeri Jember
 
Date 2021-03-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://publikasi.polije.ac.id/index.php/jipt/article/view/2357
10.25047/jipt.v4i2.2357
 
Source Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan; Vol. 4 No. 2 (2021): Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan; 104-109
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan; Vol 4 No 2 (2021): Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan; 104-109
2579-9479
10.25047/jipt.v4i2
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://publikasi.polije.ac.id/index.php/jipt/article/view/2357/1643
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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