The Effect of Premature Births on Language Delay in Children: A Meta-Analysis

Journal of Maternal and Child Health

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Title The Effect of Premature Births on Language Delay in Children: A Meta-Analysis
 
Creator Sutanto, Alfiani Vivi
Tamtomo, Didik Gunawan
Murti, Bhisma
 
Description Background: Child development problems are problems that need attention. A child can experience developmental delays in one or more developmental domains. It usually occurs in infants who born prematurely. In Indonesia, data from the Ministry of Health states that there are 675,700 premature infants in Indo­nesia. This study aimed to examine the effect of premature births on language delay in children using a meta-analysisSubjects and Method: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. The articles used in this study were obtained from several databases including PubMed, Wiley, Springer Link, Else­vier, BMC Pediatrics and Google Scholar. The articles used in this study were those published from 2000-2020. The article search was carried out by considering the eligibility criteria defined using the PICO model. The population in the study were children with intervention in the form of babies born prematurely, the com­parison was that babies born at term, the outcome was language delay. The keywords for searching articles are as follows: (preterm OR "short gestational ages" OR SGA OR prema­ture) AND "language delay" AND child AND observational AND aOR. The articles included in this study are full text articles with an obser­vational study design. Articles were collected using PRISMA flow diagrams. Articles were ana­lyzed using the Review Manager 5.3.Results: A total of 8 articles from the Ame­ricas, Europe, Asia and Australia were reviewed in this study. The meta-analysis combining 8 cohort studies concluded that preterm infants caused language delay in children 1.65 times as much as non-nomal children (aOR= 1.65, 95% CI= 1.11 to 2.44, p= 0.010).Conclusion: Infants born prematurely expe­rience delays in language development.Keywords: premature birth, language development delay Correspondence: Alfiani Vivi Sutanto. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Su­ta­mi 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: alfianivivi85@gmail.com. Mobile: 0857992­53­568.Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2021), 06(01): 67-76https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2021.06.01.07
 
Publisher Journal of Maternal and Child Health
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-03-06
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://thejmch.com/index.php?journal=thejmch&page=article&op=view&path[]=540
 
Source Journal of Maternal and Child Health; Vol 6, No 1 (2021); 67-76
2549-0257
2549-0257
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://thejmch.com/index.php?journal=thejmch&page=article&op=view&path[]=540&path[]=293
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Maternal and Child Health
 

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