Multilevel Analysis on the Ecological Effect of School on the Risk of Anemia among Female High School Students in Klaten Central Java

Journal of Maternal and Child Health

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Title Multilevel Analysis on the Ecological Effect of School on the Risk of Anemia among Female High School Students in Klaten Central Java
 
Creator Dewayanti, Nurmala
Sulaeman, Endang Sutisna
Murti, Bhisma
 
Description Background: Anemia is a major nutritional problem worldwide. In 2018, at least 1.62 billion people were affected by anemia, and 33% were school children. Anemia in female ado­lescents contributes to high rates of mater­nal and infant mortality. This study aims to analyze the determinants of anemia among female adolescent at the individual level and at the school level.Subjects and Method: This study used a cross sectional research design. The study was conducted in Klaten Regency in February 2020. Sampling used was probability sampling with a total of 200 female adolescents aged 15 to 19 years old. The independent variables include knowledge, family economy, menstrual pattern, consumption of blood supplement tablets, and nutritional status. The dependent variable is anemia. Data were collected by using the Easy Touch brand hemoglobinometer, weighing scale, microtoice and questionnaire. Data were analyzed using multilevel multiple logistic regression with a stata of 13.Results: The results of this study indicated that good knowledge (b=-2.29; 95% CI= -4.23 to -0.32; p= 0.022), family economy ≥Rp 1,947,821 (b= -2.73; 95% CI= -4.58 to -0.75; p= 0.006), regular menstrual patterns (b= -2.29; 95% CI= -4.58 to -0.75; p= 0.001), blood supplement consumption (b= -3.22; 95% CI= -8.96 to -2.17; p= 0.001), normal nutritional status (b= -3.36; 95% CI= -6.65 to -1.74; p= 0.001) reduce the incidence of anemia in ado­lescents. Variations at the school level indicate a contextual influence on the incidence of ane­mia in adolescents (ICC= 59.36%).Conclusion: There was a statistically sig­ni­ficant influence of knowledge, family economy, menstrual patterns, blood supple­ment con­sumption and nutritional status on the inci­dence of anemia in adolescents. Variations at the level of school indicated that there was a contextual influence on the incidence of anemia in adolescents.Keywords: Multilevel, Anemia, Adolescents, SchoolCorrespondence: Nurmala Dewayanti. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: nurmala­dewayanti@gmail.com. Mobile: +6287734875004.Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2021), 06(01): 1-14https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2021.06.01.01. 
 
Publisher Journal of Maternal and Child Health
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-03-06
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://thejmch.com/index.php?journal=thejmch&page=article&op=view&path[]=520
 
Source Journal of Maternal and Child Health; Vol 6, No 1 (2021); 1-14
2549-0257
2549-0257
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://thejmch.com/index.php?journal=thejmch&page=article&op=view&path[]=520&path[]=287
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Maternal and Child Health
 

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