Analysis of Smoking Behavior Risk Factors in Adolescent through Health Belief Model Approaches

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Analysis of Smoking Behavior Risk Factors in Adolescent through Health Belief Model Approaches
 
Creator Anhar, Vina Yulia
Arifin, Syamsul
Rahman, Fauzie
Ridwan, Agus Muhammad
Bohari, Bohari
 
Subject Behavior
Smoking
Teenagers
Health Belief Model (HBM)
 
Description BACKGROUND: Teenagers who smoke are very susceptible to product degradation which is seen in the low quality of human resources. Identification of risk factors needed as a first step before health interventions to prevent and reduce smoking rates in adolescents.
AIM: This study aims to analyze the risk factors for smoking behavior in adolescents through the health believe model approach.
METHODS: The design of this study is observational using a cross-sectional approach with the sample size, namely, 156 respondents. The instrument planned to be used in this study is a questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability. This study has received permission from relevant parties, including having received approval from the ULM FK Ethics Commission. The variables to be studied are, dependent: Smoking and independent behavior: Gender, knowledge, attitude, parental influence, peer influence, and cigarette advertising. The data analysis used Chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test with a significance level of p < 0.05.
RESULTS: Frequency distribution, 139 (89.1%) respondents do not smoke, 81 (51.9%) respondents were female, 147 (5.8%) respondents are well-informed, and 141 (90.4%) respondents have a positive attitude, the number of respondents who are not affected by the smoking behavior of the elderly is 142 people (91%). Number of respondents who are not affected by peer smoking behaviors is 150 people (96.2%) and 144 people (92.3%) of the respondents were exposed to cigarette advertisements in the high category. Statistical tests show that the variables that have a significant relationship with smoking behavior are gender (p = 0.000), attitude (p = 0.000), parental influence (p = 0.000), and cigarette advertising (p = 0.000).
CONCLUSIONS: There are four variables which have a relationship with smoking behavior, namely, there is a relationship between gender, attitude, the influence of parents, and cigarette advertising with smoking behavior.
 
Publisher Scientific Foundation SPIROSKI, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
 
Date 2021-02-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/5685
10.3889/oamjms.2021.5685
 
Source Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences; Vol. 9 No. E (2021): E - Public Health; 192-197
1857-9655
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/5685/5464
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Vina Yulia Anhar, Syamsul Arifin, Fauzie Rahman, Agus Muhammad Ridwan, Bohari Bohari (Author)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library