Food avoidance behaviour among children aged 2 – 6 years in North Jakarta and its correlation with weight and energy intake

World Nutrition Journal

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Title Food avoidance behaviour among children aged 2 – 6 years in North Jakarta and its correlation with weight and energy intake
 
Creator Putri, Alfi Rahma
Chandra, Dian Novita
Wiradnyani, Luh Ade Ari
 
Subject Nutrition Science; Community Nutrition
Children; Food avoidance behaviour; Energy intake; body weight
 
Description Background: Children generally facing food avoidance or food refusal behaviour and it may affect their food consumption. But there is limited information on food avoidance behaviour among Indonesian children. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether energy intake and body weight are influenced by food avoidance behaviour in children aged 2-6 years in North Jakarta.Methods: Participants (N=168) were recruited between February – March 2020. Data collection was obtained via interviews with the mother or caregiver of the children. Food avoidance behaviour consisting of satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, emotional under-eating, and food fussiness was measured with the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. The child’s weight and dietary intake were assessed using a digital weighing scale and 2 x 24 hours food recall. Spearman test was performed to analyse the correlation between these variables. Multivariate analysis was done using linear regression to determine predictors of a child’s body weight and energy intake.Results: Energy intake among children was below the recommendation, and it was significantly correlated with the child’s body weight. Satiety responsiveness was negatively correlated with the child’s body weight (r = -0.166; p-value < 0.05) and energy intake (r = -0.210; p-value < 0.05). After running a linear regression test, we found that satiety responsiveness along with family income and child’s age was a significant predictor of energy intake among children.Conclusions: Children who are more responsive to satiety had lower body weight and energy intake. Understanding the child’s food avoidance behaviour is useful for designing intervention programs related to optimizing intake in children and malnutrition.
 
Publisher Indonesian Nutrition Association
 
Contributor Pejagalan primary health care
Research team of SEANUTS II
Nutrition Departement of Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia
 
Date 2021-02-26
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://worldnutrijournal.org/OJS/index.php/WNJ/article/view/V05.i1.0016
10.25220/WNJ.V05.i1.0016
 
Source World Nutrition Journal; Vol 5, No 1 (2021); 121-130
2580-7013
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://worldnutrijournal.org/OJS/index.php/WNJ/article/view/V05.i1.0016/166
http://worldnutrijournal.org/OJS/index.php/WNJ/article/downloadSuppFile/V05.i1.0016/50
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Alfi Rahma Putri, Dian Novita Chandra, Luh Ade Ari Wiradnyani
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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