Design and evaluation of a prototype for housing of social interest with masonry confined in brick: Investigation article

Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación

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Title Design and evaluation of a prototype for housing of social interest with masonry confined in brick: Investigation article
Diseño y evaluación de un prototipo para vivienda de interés social con mampostería confinada en ladrillo: Artículo de investigación
 
Creator Intriago-Plaza, Renato
Palma-Zambrano, Willians
Mieles-Bravo, Yordy
 
Subject viviendas sociales
diseño
estructura
mampostería
evaluación económica
social housing
design
structure
masonry
economic evaluation
 
Description Current habitat conditions in the world are seriously affected by overpopulation and permanent flows of territorial mobility, generating the need to build houses with ecological, adaptable and low-cost designs. In this sense, the present investigation allowed to carry out the design and analysis of a social interest housing prototype with masonry walls confined in brick. It should be noted that the house occupies a space of 82 m2, which has been designed for construction on a 200 m2 plot of land, located in the city of Manta, Ecuador. In addition to the structural design of the house, an investigation was carried out with a quantitative approach, since 25 surveys were carried out directed to the directors of construction companies and hardware stores in the province of Manabí, in which information related to the types of homes of social interest and the construction systems used with the respective comparative analysis of costs and the housing market based on supply and demand. On the other hand, the unit price of the materials, equipment and labor required in the construction of the proposed structural system was obtained from material distribution houses and the salary tables, respectively. The results reflect that the house designed and evaluated in the present investigation consists of one level; in which the living room, dining room, kitchen, garage and bedrooms are located. The total cost required to execute the construction of the proposed design is equivalent to US $ 30,075.05 including VAT, representing a total of 75.19 basic salaries. It was established that low-income housing with confined brick masonry presents a favorable structural system for its application in the local environment of Manta, and in the same way it can be extrapolated to other localities in the country.
Keywords: social housing, design, structure, masonry, economic evaluation.
Las condiciones actuales de hábitat en el mundo se ven seriamente afectadas por la sobrepoblación y los permanentes flujos de movilidad territorial, generando la necesidad de construir viviendas con diseños ecológicos, adaptables y de bajo costo. En este sentido, la presente investigación permitió realizar el diseño y análisis de un prototipo de vivienda de interés social con muros de mampostería confinada en ladrillo. Cabe señalar que la vivienda ocupa un espacio de 82 m2, misma que ha sido diseñada para su construcción en un terreno de 200 m2, ubicado en la ciudad de Manta, Ecuador. Además del diseño estructural de la vivienda, se realizó una investigación con enfoque cuantitativo, puesto que se realizaron 25 encuestas dirigidas a los directivos de constructoras y ferreterías de la provincia de Manabí, en las que se pudo obtener información relacionada con las tipologías de viviendas de interés social y los sistemas constructivos empleados con el respectivo análisis comparativo de costos y el mercado de viviendas en función de la oferta y demanda; por su parte, el precio unitario de los materiales, equipos y mano de obra requeridos en la construcción del sistema estructural propuesto fue obtenido de casas distribuidoras de materiales y las tablas salariales, respectivamente. Los resultados reflejan que la vivienda diseñada y evaluada en la presente investigación consta de un nivel; en el que se encuentra la sala, comedor, cocina, garaje y dormitorios. El costo total requerido para ejecutar la construcción del diseño propuesto equivale a $ 30075,05 dólares americanos incluido IVA, representando un total de 75,19 sueldos básicos. Se estableció que la vivienda de interés social con mampostería confinada de ladrillo presenta un sistema estructural favorable para su aplicación en el medio local de Manta, y de la misma forma puede extrapolarse a otras localidades del país.
Palabras clave: viviendas sociales, diseño, estructura, mampostería, evaluación económica.
Abstract
Current habitat conditions in the world are seriously affected by overpopulation and permanent flows of territorial mobility, generating the need to build houses with ecological, adaptable and low-cost designs. In this sense, the present investigation allowed to carry out the design and analysis of a social interest housing prototype with masonry walls confined in brick. It should be noted that the house occupies a space of 82 m2, which has been designed for construction on a 200 m2 plot of land, located in the city of Manta, Ecuador. In addition to the structural design of the house, an investigation was carried out with a quantitative approach, since 25 surveys were carried out directed to the directors of construction companies and hardware stores in the province of Manabí, in which information related to the types of homes of social interest and the construction systems used with the respective comparative analysis of costs and the housing market based on supply and demand. On the other hand, the unit price of the materials, equipment and labor required in the construction of the proposed structural system was obtained from material distribution houses and the salary tables, respectively. The results reflect that the house designed and evaluated in the present investigation consists of one level; in which the living room, dining room, kitchen, garage and bedrooms are located. The total cost required to execute the construction of the proposed design is equivalent to US $ 30,075.05 including VAT, representing a total of 75.19 basic salaries. It was established that low-income housing with confined brick masonry presents a favorable structural system for its application in the local environment of Manta, and in the same way it can be extrapolated to other localities in the country.
Keywords: social housing, design, structure, masonry, economic evaluation.
Información del manuscrito:Fecha de recepción: 01 de diciembre de 2020.Fecha de aceptación: 08 de enero de 2021.Fecha de publicación: 11 de enero de 2021.
 
Publisher IBKNORGCORP S.A.
 
Date 2021-01-11
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Artículo revisado por pares
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
 
Identifier https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/23
10.46296/ig.v4i7.0019
 
Source Scientific Journal INGENIAR: Engineering, Technology and Research; Vol. 4 No. 7 (2021): Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación; 17-30
Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación. ISSN: 2737-6249.; Vol. 4 Núm. 7 (2021): Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación; 17-30
2737-6249
10.46296/ig.v4i7
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/23/39
https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/23/40
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación. ISSN: 2737-6249.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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