Polysemy of ‘Common Language’ and the Modern Japanese Nation: The Universalization of a ‘Standard Language’ to correct ‘Dialects’?

Acta Linguistica Asiatica

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Title Polysemy of ‘Common Language’ and the Modern Japanese Nation: The Universalization of a ‘Standard Language’ to correct ‘Dialects’?
Polisemija ‘skupnega jezika’ in moderni japonski narod: ‘standardni jezik’, ‘narečja’ in univerzalizacija
 
Creator Amano, Saki
 
Subject common words
common language
standard language
national language
spoken and written language
skupne besede
skupni jezik
standardni jezik
narodni jezik
govorjeni in pisni jezik
 
Description In this paper, the term futsūgo (common language) was viewed over two periods. The first period (1880s-1894) was concerned with education but aimed to establish everyday, commonplace language and script that was familiar to the populace. However, by the 1890s, the policy of Europeanization was being reconsidered, and national consciousness was on the rise. The second period (1894-early 1900s), with the start of the Sino-Japanese War, saw an increase in the national consciousness in strengthening both literary and military arts, with a desire for the establishment of an artificially unified language with artificial rules that would unify the populace and the nation. The natural shift from the populace’s everyday commonplace language to a unified national language became possible through the linguistic logic, or mediation of terminology, seen in the single (but ambiguous) word futsūgo.
V tem prispevku je izraz futsūgo (skupni jezik) obravnavan v dveh obdobjih. Prvo obdobje (pribl. 1880-1894) se je ukvarjalo z izobraževanjem, vendar je bilo namenjeno vzpostavitvi vsakdanjega, običajnega jezika in pisave, ki so bili ljudem poznani. Toda v devetdesetih letih 19. stoletja je bila politika evropeizacije ponovno preučena in nacionalna zavest je bila v vzponu. V drugem obdobju (1894 - začetek 19. stoletja) se je z pričetkom kitajsko-japonske vojne povečala nacionalna zavest pri krepitvi tako literarne kot vojaške umetnosti in posledično želja po vzpostavitvi umetno poenotenega jezika s pravili, ki naj bi poenotili prebivalstvo in narod. Naravni prehod iz vsakdanjega, običajnega jezika prebivalstva v poenoten nacionalni jezik je postal mogoč z jezikovno logiko ali posredovanjem terminologije, ki je vidna v eni (vendar dvoumni) besedi futsūgo.
 
Publisher Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete / Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts
 
Date 2021-01-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/epub+zip
 
Identifier https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/ala/article/view/9551
10.4312/ala.11.1.9-24
 
Source Acta Linguistica Asiatica; Vol 11 No 1 (2021); 9-24
Acta Linguistica Asiatica; L. 11 Št. 1 (2021); 9-24
2232-3317
10.4312/ala.11.1
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/ala/article/view/9551/9328
https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/ala/article/view/9551/9331
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Saki Amano
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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