Scripta Theologica

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La persona y el amor de Jesús en la ordenación social
Creator José Capmany
Description The central thesis of the present article is that consideration of the person, life and love of Jesus can form a basis for the proper organization of society. The fact is that the social question cannot be considered solely from the ethical point of view: there is need of a strictly theological perspective like that supplied by Christology. It can be said that the consideration of Jesus Christ illuminates the social problem for three reasons. In the first place, because Jesus, as a historical figure, has been powerfully present in the social life of mankind for two thousand years. Secondly, because Jesus was certainly a great moral teacher, who taught mutual understanding and the art of living together. But much more important is the third reason: in Jesus Christ, in the mystery of the Incarnation and of the Redemption, is revealed the ultimate meaning of all social organization. Jesus, in fact, as his name implies, is the Saviour, that is to say, he appeared on earth precisely to eliminate the sin of the world. To the 'sin of the world' is opposed the Kingdom of God which Christ is beginning to establish. And since the social dimension is inherent in every man, Christ, in saving every man, wishes to restore in addition the social order as a further element in the Kingdom. The same conclusion is implied by the other ways in which Christ is presented by Revelation: Jesus is the 'recapitulator' of creation, raising to perfection the whole of created reality: he is also the renewer and exalter of man, whose highest dignity the reveals. For all these reasons faith in Jesus is a genuine force impelling mankind to fashion a proper social order based on freedom, faith and decent feeling.

In a word, the love that lies hidden in the Heart of Jesus Christ, and is communicated to us by the Holy Spirit whom he sends us, is the fundamental element which governs the organization of society. The love of Christ is communicated to us and transform us: it makes us men of extraordinary ambition. This love acts in the organization of society, showing itself as a love full of justice and mercy, which knows how to manifest itself in the daily exercise of life in common, gives a constant example of Christian living, and is total in extension, in time and in readiness to serve. The fruit of this love will be, on the one side, the growth to perfection of each individual Christian, and, on the other, the establishment of a civilization of truth and love, that is to say, of a society organized according to the spirit of the Gospel beatitudes.

The article offers in addition, as an appendix, the Christological texts in the Papal Encyclicals and Documents relating to social teaching from Leo XIII to John Paul II.

The evolution of the magisterium of the church way be detected from a markedly ethical point of view, e.g. the natural low, towards a wore openly Christological one. John Paul II crowns this process perfectly, especially in his first two encyclicals.
INTRODUCCIÓN. 1.ª PARTE: EL TEMA EN SU GLOBALIDAD.—I. Jesús, como personaje histórico, y la ordenación social. II. Jesús, como maestro de moral de convivencia. III. Jesucristo en su misterio: la Iglesia, sacramento de salvación. 2.ª PARTE: LOS DIVERSOS PUNTOS DE TEOLOGÍA IMPLICADOS.—I. La persona de Jesús: a) Jesús salvador, mesías y liberador, b) Jesucristo recapitulador. c) Jesucristo revelador, renovador y enaltecedor del hombre, d) La fe en Jesús dispone al hombre para impulsar una verdadera ordenación social: fe, libertad, sensibilidad. II. El amor de Jesús: a) El amor que nos tiene Jesús y que penetra en nuestros corazones, b) La acción del amor en la ordenación social: amor, justicia y misericordia; el estilo del amor; amor testimonial; amor total en extensión, tiempo y servicio, c) El amor, realización del cristiano, d) La civilización de la verdad y del amor. APÉNDICE: APUNTE SOBRE LA CRISTOLOGÌA EN EL DESARROLLO DE LA SOCIOLOGÍA EN LA IGLESIA DESDE LEÓN XIII HASTA JUAN PABLO II.—I. El magisterio antes del Vaticano II: «Rerum novarum», «Quadragesimo anno», «Radiomensaje de Pentecostés», «Mater et Magistra». Doctrina política: León XIII; Benedicto XV; Pío XI; Pío XII: Mensajes de Navidad; Juan XXIII: «Pacem in terris». Otras referencias: León XIII; Pío XI: «Quas primas» y Acción Católica; Pío XII: Sagrado Corazón, encíclicas misionales; mensajes pascuales; Juan XXIII. — II. El magisterio papal después del Vaticano II: Concilio Vaticano II y Juan XXIII. Pablo VI: cristocentrismo y preocupación social; «Populorum progressio» y «Octogésima adveniens». Otras disertaciones sociales: ante el mundo del trabajo; a organizaciones internacionales: O.N.U.; viajes a América, Asia y Africa; el humanismo cristiano: en la clausura del Concilio; jornada de la paz; Sínodo de 1974 y Exhortación «Evangelii nuntiandi»; últimas actuaciones magisteriales. Juan Pablo II: en el inicio del pontificado; la cristificación de lo social llega a una cierta plenitud. Resumen histórico. — III. La formación de sociólogos y hombres de acción en el campo social. La sociología cristiana; La acción en el campo social; Valoración del tratamiento casi exclusivamente sociológico, con preterición de la teología.
Publisher Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra
Date 2018-03-13
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Scripta Theologica; Vol. 14 Núm. 2 (1982); 449-518
Scripta Theologica; Vol. 14 Núm. 2 (1982); 449-518
Language spa
Rights Derechos de autor 2018 Scripta Theologica

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