Relationship between psychological resilience and stress coping strategies in karate athletes

Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas (RAMA)

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Title Relationship between psychological resilience and stress coping strategies in karate athletes
Relación entre resiliencia psicológica y estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés en karatekas
Relação entre resiliência psicológica e estratégias de enfrentamento do estresse no karatecas
 
Creator Kuçuk Kiliç, Sonnur
 
Subject
Martial arts; combat sports; karate; stress; resilience; coping strategies

Artes marciales; deportes de combate; kárate; estrés; resiliencia; estrategias de afrontamiento

Artes marciais; esportes de combate; karatê; estresse; resiliência; estratégias de enfrentamento
 
Description The aim of this research was to examine the psychological resilience and stress coping strategies of Karate athletes according to some demographic variables and to determine the relationship between them. A sample of 104 (54 females and 50 males, mean age 19.85±4.10 years) Karate athletes who trained in different sport clubs in Turkey were recruited. The Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) (Smith et al., 2008) and the Stress Coping Scale (SCS) (Sahin & Durak, 1995) were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, t-test and correlation analyses were used for data analysis. Participants’ psychological resilience was at mid-level, while the SCS self-confident approach and seeking social support sub-dimensions were at high and low level respectively. The athletes’ psychological resilience and stress coping strategies differed significantly according to gender. There was a positive and low significant correlation between experience and psychological resilience, in contrast a to negative and low significant correlation found between experience and helpless approach SCS sub-dimension. Middle and positive correlation was observed between age and psychological resilience. Finally, there were positive and middle significant correlations between psychological resilience and self-confident approach and optimistic approach, and a negative and middle significant correlation between psychological resilience and helpless approach SCS sub-dimensions.
Esta investigación analiza la resiliencia psicológica y las estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés en karatecas según diversas variables demográficas y determina la relación entre ellas. Un total de 104 karatecas (54 mujeres y 50 hombres, edad media 19,85 ± 4,10 años) de diferentes clubes deportivos turcos participaron en el estudio, en el que se administró la Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) (Smith et al., 2008) y la Stress Coping Scale (SCS) (Sahin & Durak, 1995). El análisis estadístico incluyó estadística descriptiva, pruebas t y correlaciones. La resiliencia psicológica de los participantes se situó en un nivel medio, mientras que sus niveles de autoconfianza y búsqueda de apoyo social, en relación al afrontamiento del estrés, fueron altos y bajos respectivamente. La resiliencia psicológica y las estrategias de afrontamiento del estrés difirieron significativamente según el género. Se observó una correlación positiva y baja significativa entre nivel de experiencia y resiliencia psicológica, en contraste con la correlación negativa y baja significativa hallada entre nivel de experiencia y la subdimensión del SCS de indefensión. Se observó una correlación media y positiva entre edad y resiliencia psicológica. Finalmente, se hallaron correlaciones positivas y medias significativas entre resiliencia psicológica y autoconfianza y optimismo, y una correlación negativa y media significativa entre resiliencia psicológica e indefensión.
Esta pesquisa analisa a resiliência psicológica e as estratégias de enfrentamento do estresse em karatecas de acordo com diversas variáveis demográficas e determina a relação entre elas. Participaram do estudo 104 karatecas (54 mulheres e 50 homens, idade média de 19,85 ± 4,10 anos) de diferentes clubes esportivos turcos. Foi aplicada a Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) (Smith et al., 2008) e a Stress Coping Scale (SCS) (Sahin & Durak, 1995). A análise estatística incluiu estatísticas descritivas, testes t e correlações. A resiliência psicológica dos participantes encontra-se em nível médio, enquanto os níveis de autoconfiança e busca de suporte social, em relação ao enfrentamento do estresse, são altos e baixos, respectivamente. A resiliência psicológica e as estratégias de enfrentamento do estresse diferiram de acordo com o gênero significativamente. Uma correlação positiva e baixa significância observou-se entre nível de experiência e resiliência psicológica, em contraste com a correlação negativa e baixa significância encontrada entre nível de experiência e subdimensão SCS de desamparo. Observou-se correlação média e positiva entre idade e resiliência psicológica. Finalmente, correlações positivas e médias significativas foram encontradas entre resiliência psicológica e autoconfiança e otimismo, e uma correlação negativa e média significativa entre resiliência psicológica e desamparo.
 
Publisher Universidad de León
 
Contributor


 
Date 2020-12-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion



 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://revpubli.unileon.es/ojs/index.php/artesmarciales/article/view/6257
10.18002/rama.v15i2.6257
 
Source Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas; Vol 15, No 2 (2020); 59-68
Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas; Vol 15, No 2 (2020); 59-68
Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas; Vol 15, No 2 (2020); 59-68
2174-0747
10.18002/rama.v15i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://revpubli.unileon.es/ojs/index.php/artesmarciales/article/view/6257/5044
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