DNA Methylation: A Stabilizing and Regulatory Mechanism of Plant Genome

G-Journal of Environmental Science and Technology

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title DNA Methylation: A Stabilizing and Regulatory Mechanism of Plant Genome
 
Creator Kumar, Virendra
Chandra, Sameer
Jaitly, A. K.
 
Subject Transposon
CpG iselands
Methyltransferases
Transcriptional
posttranscriptional
 
Description The immobile lifestyle of plants requires responses to adapt the environmental stress. Flexible epigenetic regulations are essential for reprogramming of plant gene expression. The overall phenotype and gene expression profile of an organism is controlled by mechanisms other than the normal mechanism of expression. DNA methylation is one of them which control many important cellular functions, such as transposon silencing, genome stability, cell identity maintenance and defense against exogenous DNAs. DNA methylation maintained by a set of enzymes named DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferases (DCMTases). In this paper, types, importance, mechanism, maintenance, and impact of DNA methylation on plant genome expression and transposition have been discussed. Methods to detect DNA methylation and CpG islands in plants genome has also been explored.
 
Publisher Grace and Peace welfare Society
 
Date 2019-12-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Review article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://gjestenv.com/index.php/gjest/article/view/116
 
Source G-Journal of Environmental Science and Technology; Vol. 7 No. 3 (2019): December; 24-31
2322-0228
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://gjestenv.com/index.php/gjest/article/view/116/101
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 G-Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
 

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