Dialectics of Democracy in the Framework of Politics Primordialism Local Elections: A Case Study of the People of West Sumba District and East Sumba District

Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance

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Title Dialectics of Democracy in the Framework of Politics Primordialism Local Elections: A Case Study of the People of West Sumba District and East Sumba District
DIALEKTIKA DEMOKRASI DALAM BINGKAI POLITIK PRIMORDIALISME PILKADA: Studi kasus Masyarakat Kabupaten Sumba Barat dan Kabupaten Sumba Timur
 
Creator Teka, Silvester Sili
 
Subject primordialism
politics
democracy
Primordialisme
Demokrasi Politik
 
Description The momentum of local elections is difficult to separate from primordial politics in the form of local culture in a region. The factors of ethnicity, ethnicity, religion, and cultural practices and rituals have a significant influence on the substance of holding local elections. This article discusses primordial political methods as part of local democracy in traditional Kedde techniques in West Sumba and the Ata (servant)/Maramba (Tuan) culture. A cultural technique has an impact on local elections. The Kedde culture is a space for politicians to gain electoral support. The Ata/Maramba culture threatens political rights and participation due to extreme patron-client relations because it covers all aspects of life, especially local elections of politics. With this reality, local democracy in the regional elections has further reduced the democratic values ​​put forward by David Beetham, namely public control and political equality. This research aims to open the horizons of local democracy in the context of local elections and is expected to contribute to the evaluation of the implementation of local elections. This research shows that aspects of local traditions and culture and the Ata/Maramba tradition are actually used as a means of gaining electoral support, which in reality is contrary to liberal-style democracy. So, it is suggested to change the format of asymmetric local elections based on socio-cultural which can prevent potential violations.
Momentum pemilihan kepala daerah sulit dilepaskan dari politik primordialisme dalam bentuk kebudayaan lokal suatu daerah. Faktor etnisitas, kesukuan, agama hingga praktik dan ritual budaya memiliki pengaruh besar terhadap substansi penyelenggaraan pilkada. Artikel ini menuliskan praktik politik primordialisme sebagai bagian dari demokrasi lokal dalam wujud praktik adat Kedde di Sumba Barat dan Budaya Ata (hamba)/Maramba(Tuan). Sebuah praktik kebudayaan yang berdampak dalam pilkada. Budaya Kedde sebagai ruang bagi politisi menjaring dukungan elektoral dan Budaya Ata/Maramba yang mengancam hak dan partisipasi politik akibat relasi patron-klien yang ekstrem karena melingkupi segala segi kehidupan khususnya politik pilkada. Dengan realita tersebut demokrasi lokal dalam pilkada semakin mereduksi nilai-nilai demokrasi yang dikemukakan David Beetham yakni kontrol publik dan kesetaraan politik. Penelitian ini bertujuan membuka cakrawala demokrasi lokal dalam konteks pilkada dan diharapkan mampu memberi kontribusi terhadap evaluasi penyelenggaraan pilkada.
 
Publisher Research and Development Agency Ministry of Home Affairs
 
Date 2020-12-16
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/757
10.21787/jbp.12.2020.193-201
 
Source Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol 12 No 2 (2020): Pemilihan Kepala Daerah; 193-201
Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol. 12 No. 2 (2020): Local Election; 193-201
2503-3360
2085-4323
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/757/438
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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