The Dilemma in Neutralizing the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) and Alternative Solutions

Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance

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Title The Dilemma in Neutralizing the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) and Alternative Solutions
The Politicization of bureaucracy: the idea of strengthening ASN neutrality
 
Creator Sihaloho, Nahot Tua Parlindungan
Herlan
 
Subject Politics of bureaucracy
civil servant
elections
local leaders election
bureaucratic politics
the state civil apparatus (ASN)
general elections
local elections (Pilkada)
 
Description According to a State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) report in 2019, more than 200 State Civil Apparatus (ASN) violated neutrality in the general elections and local elections during the 2015-2018 period. Based on a preliminary study, it found that several violations had occurred because of a dilemma for the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) concerned. State Civil Apparatus (ASN) must be neutral by the law mandate, but they cannot be impartial if they want their career as State Civil Apparatus (ASN) not to be damaged. This study uses a normative legal research method with a literature study research design. This study seeks to examine the effects of bureaucratic politicization and find win-win solutions to the problems experienced by the State Civil Apparatus (ASN). The results of this study emphasize the need to expand the authority of the State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) to impose sanctions on violators of neutrality. The implications of this research are the following six practical recommendations: first, the existing rules after the enactment of Law No. 5/2014 must be revised so that Civil Service Officer (PPK) was no longer given position to politicians, but rather the senior State Civil Apparatus (ASN); secondly, election criminal law enforcement does not need to involve the police, and the prosecutor's office (just General Election Supervisory Agency); third, localization of the State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) by establishing a State Civil Apparatus Commission (KASN) in the regions to increase the effectiveness of the oversight function of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN); fourth, the length of service for officials is only one term; fifth, the abolition of voting rights for State Civil Apparatus (ASN); sixth, changing the career guideline model of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) from regional government autonomy to the central government by the rank or class.
Menurut laporan dari KASN (2019), ada lebih dari 200 ASN yang melanggar netralitas dalam pemilihan umum dan pemilihan kepala daerah selama kurun waktu empat tahun sejak 2019. Berdasarkan hasil studi pendahuluan, ditemukan bahwa sejumlah pelanggaran tersebut terpaksa terjadi karena adanya dilema bagi ASN yang bersangkutan; ASN harus netral sesuai amanat undang-undang, tetapi mereka tidak boleh netral jika ingin karirnya sebagai ASN tidak rusak. Situasi inilah yang disebut politisasi birokrasi. Menggunakan metode penelitian hukum normatif dengan desain penelitian studi kepustakaan, penelitian ini berusaha mengkaji efek dari politisasi birokrasi dan menemukakn win-win solution atas problematika yang dialami ASN. Hasil penelitian ini menegaskan perlunya perluasan kewenangan KASN untuk menjatuhkan sanksi kepada pelanggar netralitas. Implikasi penelitian ini berupa enam rekomendasi praktis berikut: pertama, aturan yang ada setelah diundangkannya UU No 5 Tahun 2014 harus direvisi, agar kedudukan PPK tidak lagi diberikan kepada politisi, melainkan ASN senior; kedua, Penegakan hukum pidana pemilu tidak perlu melibakan kepolisian dan kejaksaan (cukup Bawaslu); ketiga, lokalisasi KASN dengan membentuk KASN di daerah untuk meningkatkan efektivitas fungsi kepengawasan terhadap ASN; keempat, lamanya menjabat bagi para pejabat cukup satu periode; kelima, penghapusan hak suara bagi ASN; keenam, mengubah model pedoman karir ASN dari otonomi pemerintah daerah ke pemerintah pusat sesuai dengan pangkat atau golongan.
 
Publisher Research and Development Agency Ministry of Home Affairs
 
Date 2020-12-16
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/752
10.21787/jbp.12.2020.213-224
 
Source Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol 12 No 2 (2020): Pemilihan Kepala Daerah; 213-224
Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol. 12 No. 2 (2020): Local Election; 213-224
2503-3360
2085-4323
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/752/440
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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