Chronic Diarrhea in Children Under Five Years Old

Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

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Title Chronic Diarrhea in Children Under Five Years Old
Diare Kronis pada Anak Berusia di Bawah Lima Tahun
 
Creator Wolayan, Grahana Ade Candra
Ranuh, I Gusti Made Reza Gunadi
Budiono, Budiono
Athiyyah, Alpha Fardah
 
Subject chronic diarrhea
children
characteristics
mortality
diare kronis
anak
karakteristik
kematian
 
Description Diarrhea is an endemic disease in Indonesia and has the potential to cause outbreaks that are often accompanied by death, even the mortality rate during outbreaks in 2017, amounting to 1.97%, had not yet reached the expected target by the government, which is less than 1%. This study aims to determine the distribution of sex, age, nutritional status based on weight/age, and how to leave the hospital for chronic diarrhea patients and to know the correlation between nutritional status based on weight/age and death cases of chronic diarrhea in children under five years old treated at RSUD Dr. Soetomo in the period 2015-2019. This research was a retrospective analytical and descriptive study using secondary data from a patient's electronic medical record. Results showed that out of 45 chronic diarrhea patients, 28 (62,2%) were male, 16 (35,6%) children were in the 0 - 5 months age group, 18 (40,0%) children had good nutritional status, 39 (86,7%) children were discharged from the hospital, and there was a significant correlation between nutritional status based on weight/age and death cases of chronic diarrhea in children (p = 0,017). It could be concluded that the majority of children with chronic diarrhea were male, were in the 0 - 5 months age group, had good nutritional status, and were discharged from the hospital which meant that their condition had improved or cured and there was a significant correlation between nutritional status based on weight/age with death cases of chronic diarrhea in children.
Diare merupakan penyakit endemis di Indonesia dan berpotensi menyebabkan terjadinya KLB yang sering disertai dengan kematian, bahkan angka kematian saat KLB pada tahun 2017, sebesar 1,97%, belum mencapai target yang diharapkan oleh pemerintah, yaitu kurang dari 1%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui distribusi jenis kelamin, usia, status gizi berdasarkan BB/U, dan cara keluar rumah sakit pasien diare kronis serta mengetahui hubungan status gizi berdasarkan BB/U dengan kasus meninggal diare kronis pada anak berusia di bawah lima tahun yang dirawat di RSUD Dr. Soetomo periode tahun 2015-2019. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dan deskriptif retrospektif dengan menggunakan data sekunder dari rekam medik elektronik pasien. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa dari 45 pasien diare kronis, 28 (62,2%) anak berjenis kelamin laki-laki, 16 (35,6%) anak berada pada kelompok usia 0 – 5 bulan, 18 (40,0%) anak memiliki status gizi baik, 39 (86,7%) anak dipulangkan dari rumah sakit, dan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara status gizi berdasarkan BB/U dengan kasus meninggal diare kronis pada anak (p=0,017). Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa mayoritas anak dengan diare kronis berjenis kelamin laki-laki, berada pada kelompok usia 0 – 5 bulan, memiliki status gizi baik, dan dipulangkan dari rumah sakit yang berarti mengalami perbaikan kondisi atau kesembuhan serta terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara status gizi berdasarkan BB/U dengan kasus meninggal diare kronis pada anak.
 
Publisher LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros
 
Date 2020-12-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/76
10.36590/jika.v2i3.76
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol. 2 No. 3 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 3 Desember 2020; 128-134
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol 2 No 3 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 3 Desember 2020; 128-134
2686-2883
2337-9847
10.36590/jika.v2i3
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/76/50
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Grahana Ade Candra Wolayan, I Gusti Made Reza Gunadi Ranuh, Budiono Budiono, Alpha Fardah Athiyyah
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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