Foot Strengthening Exercise on Postural Balance and Functional Ability of Foot on Children 6-10 Years Old with Flexible Flatfoot

Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

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Title Foot Strengthening Exercise on Postural Balance and Functional Ability of Foot on Children 6-10 Years Old with Flexible Flatfoot
Latihan Penguatan Kaki terhadap Keseimbangan Postural dan Kemampuan Fungsional Kaki pada Anak Usia 6-10 Tahun dengan Flexible Flatfoot
 
Creator Sativani, Zahra
Pahlawi, Riza
 
Subject balance
flexible flatfoot
functional foot
strengthening
flexible flatfoot
fungsional kaki
keseimbangan
latihan penguatan
 
Description The activities of children more involve the foot. One of the common problems in the foot is flexible flatfoot. A disturbance in the process of the formation of the arch foot could result in a deformation of the foot and increases the risk of an injury due to postural balance change. Normally, the arch of the foot formed the first five years for the age range of 2-6 years. The right choices of the intrinsic muscle exercises of the foot can prevent deformation and improve postural balance. This study aimed to discuss the effectiveness of foot strengthening exercise to improving postural balance and functional ability of foot on a flexible flatfoot 6-10 years old. This study was pre-experimental research with two groups of pre-post test design. The subjects of this research were 30 students that had been divided into two groups, case, and control. Each group consists of 15 students selected used purposive sampling method based on the criteria of inclusion that had been set. There was a significant difference after foot strengthening exercise between the case and control group, p-value = 0,000. The foot strengthening exercise could improve the postural balance and functional ability of the foot on a flexible flatfoot 6-10 years old.
Aktivitas anak-anak lebih banyak melibatkan kaki. Salah satu masalah yang terjadi pada kaki diantaranya adalah flexible flatfoot atau kaki datar. Ketika terjadi gangguan pada proses pembentukan lengkung kaki, maka dapat mengakibatkan adanya deformitas pada kaki dan meningkatkan risiko cidera akibat perubahan keseimbangan postural. Normalnya lengkung kaki terbentuk sejak 5 tahun pertama selama rentang usia 2-6 tahun. Pemilihan latihan yang tepat pada otot-otot intrinsik kaki dapat mencegah terjadinya deformitas dan meningkatkan keseimbangan postural. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas latihan penguatan kaki dalam meningkatkan keseimbangan postural dan kemampuan fungsional kaki pada anak dengan flexible flatfoot usia 6-10 tahun. Penelitian pra eksperimental dengan rancangan two groups pre-post test. Jumlah sampel 30 siswa usia 6-10 tahun yang terbagi ke dalam dua kelompok, kasus dan kontrol. Setiap kelompok terdiri dari 15 siswa yang dipilih menggunakan metode purposive sampling berdasarkan kriteria inklusi yang telah ditentukan sebelumnya. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna sesudah pemberian latihan penguatan kaki antara kelompok kasus dan kontrol dengan nilai p = 0,000. Latihan penguatan kaki mampu meningkatkan keseimbangan postural dan kemampuan fungsional kaki pada anak dengan flexible flatfoot usia 6-10 tahun.
 
Publisher LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros
 
Date 2020-12-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/69
10.36590/jika.v2i3.69
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol. 2 No. 3 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 3 Desember 2020; 99-107
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol 2 No 3 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 3 Desember 2020; 99-107
2686-2883
2337-9847
10.36590/jika.v2i3
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/69/47
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Zahra Sativani, Riza Pahlawi
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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