Morphological and Morphometric Study of Pterion in Adult Dry Human Skulls

Academia Anatomica International

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Field Value
 
Title Morphological and Morphometric Study of Pterion in Adult Dry Human Skulls
 
Creator Ananya Priya
Jain, Anjali
 
Subject Middle Meningeal Artery
Asterion
Glabella
 
Description Introduction: Pterion is significant bony landmark because it commonly lies near the anterior branch of middle meningeal artery as well as Broca’s Area. The aim is to study the types of pterion and measure the distance from various bony landmarks on skull to the midpoint of pterion. Subjects and Methods: This study was performed on 70 adult dry human skulls of unknown age and sex. Types and location of pterion was observed bilaterally. Measurements were taken in millimeter using digital Vernier caliper from midpoint of pterion to i) fronto-zygomatic suture ii) middle of zygomatic arch iii) tip of mastoid process iv) glabella v) antero-superior margin of external acoustic meatus vi) Asterion. Results: We observed five types of pterion: spheno-parietal, fronto-temporal, stellate, epipteric and atypical. Among the skulls studied the most common type was sphenoparietal bilaterally. The mean of distances from midpoint of pterion to fronto-zygomatic suture was, 31.68   5.58 mm and 31.18 5.82 mm; to the middle of zygomatic arch was 38.87 3.63 mm and 37.84  3.99 mm; to asterion was 83.55  7.22 mm and 85.53  6.88 mm; to external acoustic meatus it was 51.70 3.20 mm and 51.37 3.39mm; to glabella it was 77.24 6.93 mm and 76.44 6.83 mm; to tip of mastoid process it was 80.77 6.10mm on the right side and 79.59 5.70 mm on the left side. Conclusion: Pterion is the most commonly used surface landmark. Findings of present study regarding classification of pterion will be helpful for neurosurgeons, radiologists, anthropologists and forensic pathologists.
 
Publisher Society for Health Care & Research Development
 
Date 2020-12-22
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/xml
text/html
application/epub+zip
 
Identifier http://aijournals.com/index.php/aanat/article/view/1758
10.21276/aanat.2020.6.2.14
 
Source Academia Anatomica International; Vol 6 No 2 (2020): July-December 2020; 63-68
2455-5274
2617-5207
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://aijournals.com/index.php/aanat/article/view/1758/1727
http://aijournals.com/index.php/aanat/article/view/1758/1728
http://aijournals.com/index.php/aanat/article/view/1758/1729
http://aijournals.com/index.php/aanat/article/view/1758/1730
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Author
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
 

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