Control of Environmental Friendly Plants Organism Through Soil Solarization

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title Control of Environmental Friendly Plants Organism Through Soil Solarization
Pengendalian Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman Melalui Solarisasi Tanah
 
Creator Hamdani, Kiki Kusyaeri
Susanto, Heru
 
Description Plant-disturbing organisms such as pests, pathogens, and weeds cause problems in crop cultivation so they need proper handling. Soil solarization is an alternative to pest control. This paper discusses information on the control of disruptive organisms by solarizing technology. Some of the components that play a role in the solarization process, namely the sun as an energy source, plastic mulch as an energy source converter, and soil moisture as a trap and conductor of heat produced by plastic in deeper soil depths. Solarization of the soil is environmentally friendly and is carried out before planting by managing heat energy from solar radiation. The best soil solarization is by using transparent plastic sheets because they are translucent, where most of the light is transmitted through the plastic sheet and only a little is absorbed and reflected. High soil temperatures due to soil solarization can suppress soil pathogens, soil pests, and weed propagules and can increase soil fertility, growth, and crop yield.
Organisme pengganggu tumbuhan (OPT) seperti hama, patogen, dan gulma menimbulkan masalah dalam budidaya tanaman sehingga perlu upaya penanganan yang tepat. Solarisasi tanah merupakan salah satu alternatif pengendalian OPT tersebut. Makalah ini membahas informasi tentang pengendalian organisme pengganggu tanaman dengan teknologi solarisasi. Beberapa komponen yang berperan dalam proses solarisasi yaitu radiasi matahari sebagai sumber energi, mulsa plastik sebagai pengubah sumber energi, serta lengas tanah sebagai penangkap dan penghantar panas yang dihasilkan plastik pada jeluk tanah yang lebih dalam. Solarisasi tanah bersifat ramah lingkungan dan dilakukan sebelum tanam dengan mengelola energi panas dari radiasi matahari. Solarisasi tanah terbaik yaitu dengan menggunakan lembaran plastik transparan karena bersifat tembus cahaya dimana sebagian besar cahaya ditransmisikan melalui lembaran plastik dan hanya sedikit yang diserap dan dipantulkan. Suhu tanah yang tinggi akibat solarisasi tanah dapat menekan patogen tanah, hama tanah, dan propagul gulma serta dapat meningkatkan kesuburan tanah, pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2020-12-21
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/127
10.33019/agrosainstek.v4i2.127
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 4 No 2 (2020): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 146-154
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 4 No 2 (2020): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 146-154
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v4i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/127/57
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Kiki Kusyaeri Hamdani, Heru Susanto
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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