Cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic and sociodemographic conditions in Mexico, 2000 - 2018

Población y Salud en Mesoamérica

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Title Cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic and sociodemographic conditions in Mexico, 2000 - 2018
Factores de riesgo cardiovascular y condiciones socioeconómicas y sociodemográficas en México, 2000 - 2018
 
Creator Lozano Keymolen, Daniel
Gaxiola Robles Linares, Sergio Cuauhtémoc
 
Subject Cardiovascular diseases
diabetes
hypertension
smoking
obesity
Enfermedades cardiovasculares
hipertensión arterial
tabaquismo
diabetes
obesidad
 
Description Introduction: In high-income countries, socioeconomic status is related to differences in the prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular risk factors. In middle-income countries like Mexico, the evidence is less so the objective of the study was to estimate the trends in the prevalences of six of the main modifiable cardiovascular risk factors: diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, tobacco use, alcohol use, and obesity, according to the level of socioeconomic conditions at home among adults 20 years of age and over in the period 2000 - 2018. Method: The data were obtained from four nationally representative cross-sectional health surveys. With individual samples from each survey, the prevalences of cardiovascular risk factors were estimated. With a cluster analysis, three levels of socioeconomic conditions were determined. In each sample, with logistic regressions, the prevalences of each risk factor were estimated according to the socioeconomic level determined by each cluster, adjusting for sex, age, and education. Results: Unlike diabetes, hypertension, cholesterol or obesity, tobacco and alcohol consumption have decreased. Obesity, arterial hypertension, tobacco or alcohol consumption and high cholesterol showed differences between the high and low levels of socioeconomic conditions in the four points analyzed, but not diabetes. Conclusion: Programs and policies focused on the modification, care and medical treatment of cardiovascular risk factors should be consolidated.
Introducción: En países de ingresos altos, el nivel socioeconómico se relaciona con diferencias en la prevalencia e incidencia de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular. En países de ingresos medios como México, la evidencia es menor por lo que el objetivo del estudio fue estimar las tendencias en las prevalencias de seis de los principales factores modificables de riesgo cardiovascular; a saber, diabetes, hipertensión arterial, colesterol elevado, consumo de tabaco, consumo de alcohol y obesidad, según el nivel de condiciones socioeconómicas en el hogar y su asociación con determinados factores sociodemográficos entre personas adultas de 20 y más años en el periodo 2000-2018. Método: Los datos se obtuvieron de cuatro encuestas de salud de tipo transversal, representativas a nivel nacional. Con muestras individuales de cada encuesta, se estimaron las prevalencias de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Con un análisis por conglomerados se determinaron tres niveles de condiciones socioeconómicas. En cada muestra, con regresiones logísticas, se estimaron las prevalencias de cada factor de riesgo, según el nivel socioeconómico determinado por cada conglomerado ajustando por sexo, edad y escolaridad. Resultados: A diferencia de la diabetes, la hipertensión, el colesterol o la obesidad, el consumo de tabaco y de alcohol ha disminuido. La obesidad, la hipertensión arterial, el consumo de tabaco o de alcohol y el colesterol elevado mostraron diferencias entre los niveles alto y bajo de condiciones socioeconómicas en los cuatro puntos analizados, pero no la diabetes. Conclusión: Deben consolidarse programas y políticas enfocadas a la modificación, atención y tratamiento médico de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular.
 
Publisher Universidad de Costa Rica
 
Date 2020-12-18
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/psm/article/view/41748
 
Source Población y Salud en Mesoamérica; Volume 18, Issue 2: january-june 2021
Población y Salud en Mesoamérica; Volumen 18, Número 2: enero-junio 2021
1659-0201
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/psm/article/view/41748/45110
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Rights Derechos de autor 2020 Daniel Lozano Keymolen, Sergio Cuauhtémoc Gaxiola Robles Linares
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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