Antiviral Activity, Phytochemistry and Toxicology of Some Medically Interesting Allium Species: A Mini Review

International Journal of Pathogen Research

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Title Antiviral Activity, Phytochemistry and Toxicology of Some Medically Interesting Allium Species: A Mini Review
Creator Lengbiye, Emmanuel M.
Mbadiko, Clement M.
Falanga, Clarisse M.
Matondo, Aristote
Inkoto, Clement L.
Ngoyi, Etienne M.
Kabengele, Carlos N.
Bongo, Gedeon N.
Gbolo, Benjamin Z.
Kilembe, Jason T.
Mwanangombo, Domaine T.
Tshibangu, Damien S. T.
Tshilanda, Dorothée D.
Mihigo, Shetonde O.
Ngbolua, Koto-te-Nyiwa
Mpiana, Pius T.
Description Aims: COVID-19 pandemic affects hundreds of thousands of people worldwide. Since there is no effective treatment, the need of finding alternative methods, which can help to curb this pandemic is urgent. This study aims to collect the information on the virucidal and toxicity properties of the Allium species. This genus is known to be source of nutraceuticals and also used as food. In this context, species of this genus can be proposed as an alternative solution against COVID-19.
Methodology: The literature review was conducted on Allium spp during searches on different databases such as PubMed, PubMed Central, Science Direct, Scielo, DOAJ, Science alert and Google scholar. The scientific names of Allium species, antiviral compounds, antiviral activity and toxicology of the plants of interest were used as keywords. Mendeley was used to make bibliographic references and the chemical structures of the natural compounds from Allium genus were drawn using ChemBioDraw Ultra 12.0 software.
Results: The findings from literature review showed that the Allium genus has demonstrated antiviral activity on several types of virus (Herpes simplex virus type 1, Herpes simplex virus type 2, Human immunodeficiency virus, Influenza virus, Cytomegalovirus, Human papillomavirus, Vesicular stomatitis virus, vaccinia virus, and human rhinovirus type 2 human cytomegalovirus). The species of this genus have also been used as food. Some species of Allium genus contain minerals such as Zinc, which have shown an effect on SARS-CoV-1, and could be involved in account for the reported antiviral effect.
Conclusion: Edible Allium species could be used in the management of COVID-19. Molecular docking of main molecules of Allium species with SARS-CoV-2 protease is in progress.
Publisher International Journal of Pathogen Research
Date 2020-12-21
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source International Journal of Pathogen Research; 2020 - Volume 5 [Issue 4]; 64-77
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 © 2020 Lengbiye et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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