Response of Soil and Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on the Application of Several Local Microorganism and Manures

AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan

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Title Response of Soil and Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on the Application of Several Local Microorganism and Manures
Respon Tanah dan Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L.) pada Pemberian Beberapa Jenis Mikroorganisme Lokal (MOL) dan Pupuk Kandang
 
Creator Pujiastuti, Elisabeth Sri
Siahaan, Ferlist Rio
Tampubolon, Yanto Raya
Tarigan, Juli Ritha
Sumihar, Susana Tabah Trina
 
Description Introduction: This research was conducted to determine the effect of several types of local microorganism solutions and manures on the growth and yield of peanut and their impact on the physical properties of ultisols.
Materials and Methods: The researches was conducted in Simalingkar B, Medan using Factorial Randomized Block Design within three replications. The first factor was types of microbe sources of local microbial solutions, include un-treated waste (M0), pineapple (M1), orange (M2), and tamarillo (M3) wastes. The second factor was manure types, inluce un-treated manure (P0), chicken (P1), cow (P2), and goat (P3) manures. The parameters were: soil physical characteristics (bulk density, water content and total of pore space), plant height, stem diameter, number of pods, and dry seeds yield.
Results: The types of local microorganism solutions only affect to plant height of peanut, but has insignificant effect on the physical properties of ultisols, and stem diameter, the number of filled pods.plant-1, and the dry seeds yield.ha-1 of peanut. The types of manure had significantly effected on plant height and number of filled pods.plant-1, but had insignificant effect on stem diameter, dry seeds yield.ha-1 and the physical properties of ultisols. The interaction of MOL sources and manure did not significantly affect the growth and yield of peanut as well as the physical properties of ultisols. Orange MOL and chicken manure could be increase the plant height of peanut by 18.61% and 6.75%, respectively, compared to un-treated. Goat manure showed the highest number of pods.plant-1 by 6.32% compared to un-treated.
Pendahuluan: Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh beberapa jenis larutan mikroorganisme lokal (MOL) dan pupuk kandang terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi kacang tanah serta dampaknya pada sifat fisika tanah ultisol.
Metode Penelitian: Penelitian dilaksanakan di Simalingkar B, Medan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok Faktorial dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama jenis limbah buah sumber mikroba MOL, yakni tanpa MOL (M0), MOL kulit nanas (M1), MOL kulit jeruk (M2), dan MOL kulit terung belanda (M3). Faktor kedua adalah jenis pupuk kandang yaitu: tanpa pupuk kandang (P0), pupuk kandang ayam (P1), pupuk kandang sapi (P2), dan pupuk kandang kambing (P3). Parameter yang diamati adalah: sifat fisika tanah (berat isi, kadar air dan total ruang pori), tinggi tanaman, diameter batang, jumlah polong, dan produksi kering kacang tanah.
Hasil penelitian: Jenis limbah buah sumber MOL hanya berpengaruh terhadap tinggi tanaman kacang tanah, namun berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap sifat fisika tanah dan diameter batang, jumlah polong berisi/tanaman, serta produksi biji kering/ha tanaman kacang tanah. Jenis pupuk kandang berpengaruh nyata terhadap tinggi tanaman dan jumlah polong berisi/tanaman kacang tanah, namun berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap diameter batang dan produksi biji kering/ha serta sifat fisika tanah ultisol. Interaksi sumber MOL dan pupuk kandang berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap pertmbuhan dan produksi kacang tanah serta sifat fisika tanah ultisol. MOL kulit jeruk dan pupuk kandang ayam dapat meningkatkan tinggi tanaman kacang tanah tertinggi masing-masing sebesar 18,61% dan 6,75% dibandingkan kontrol. Pupuk kandang kambing memberikan jumlah polong berisi/tanaman kacang tanah tertinggi (6,32%) dibandingkan kontrol.
 
Publisher Prodi. Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien
 
Date 2021-01-05
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.utnd.ac.id/index.php/agri/article/view/107
10.36490/agri.v4i1.107
 
Source Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; Vol 4 No 1 (2021): Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; 1-12
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; Vol 4 No 1 (2021): Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; 1-12
2655-7673
10.36490/agri.v4i1
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://journal.utnd.ac.id/index.php/agri/article/view/107/89
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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