Upacara Adat Gawai Dalam Membentuk Nilai-Nilai Solidaritas Pada Masyarakat Suku Dayak Kalimantan Barat

Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya

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Title Upacara Adat Gawai Dalam Membentuk Nilai-Nilai Solidaritas Pada Masyarakat Suku Dayak Kalimantan Barat
Budaya “Gawai” Dalam Membentuk Nilai-Nilai Solidaritas Pada Masyarakat Suku Dayak Kalimantan Barat
 
Creator Syafrita, Irmalini
Murdiono, Mukhamad
 
Subject Cultural Studies
Budaya; Gawai; Dayak; Solidaritas
Cultural Studies
Budaya, Gawai, Dayak
 
Description The purpose of writing this article is to determine the Gawai culture in shaping the values of solidarity among the Dayak tribal communities in West Kalimantan. This article was prepared using the library research method, namely the method of collecting data by utilizing literature sources and materials. The result of the conclusion is that Gawai is a traditional Dayak ceremony which has become a tradition to this day. The Dayak gawai is one of the traditional ceremonies which is still actively carried out by the Dayak people. The Gawai Dayak traditional ceremony is one of the sources of local history in West Kalimantan. The implementation of the traditional Gawai ceremony aims to ask for safety and gratitude to God for the harvest which is usually done every one year. The traditional Gawai ceremony is held after the main harvest and ends with the traditional ritual of Rising Dango and reciting incantations and prayers or commonly known as Matik which aims to ask for blessings to God or Jubata. The implementation of the traditional gawai ceremony requires the involvement of all Dayak tribal communities to be able to work together in the preparation and implementation. Therefore, gadgets become the media needed to renew the spirit and sense of solidarity between Dayak tribal communities in West Kalimantan. The Gawai Traditional Ceremony is one of the very sacred religious rituals for the Dayak Tribe, therefore the Gawai Traditional ceremony only involves the Dayak Tribe. However, as the times progressed, the government tried to preserve the traditional Gawai ceremony, so that it became a routine tourism agenda in Pontianak City every year.
Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah untuk mengetahui budaya Gawai dalam membentuk nilai-nilai solidaritas pada masyarakat suku dayak di Kalimantan Barat. Oleh karena itu perlu adanya pelestarian budaya Gawai yang menjadi khas di Kalimantan Barat. Artikel ini disusun dengan menggunakan metode library research yaitu metode pengumpulan data dengan memanfaatkan sumber dan bahan kepustakaan. Hasil dari kesimpulan yang diperoleh adalah Gawai merupakan upacara adat yang bertujuan untuk meminta keselamatan dan rasa syukur kepada Tuhan atas hasil panen raya yang biasa dilakukan setiap satu tahun sakali. Upacara Adat Gawai dilaksanakan setelah panen raya dan diakhiri dengan upacara adat Naik Dango dan pembacaan mantera dan doa atau biasa disebut Matik yang bertujuan untuk meminta doa restu kepada Tuhan atau Jubata. Upacara Adat Gawai merupakan salah satu ritual religi yang sangat sakral bagi suku dayak, oleh karena itu pada upacara Adat Gawai hanya melibatkan Suku Dayak saja. Namun seiring berkembangnya zaman, pemerintah berupaya untuk melestarikan upacara Adat Gawai, sehingga menjadi agenda rutin pariwisata di Kota Pontianak setiap tahunnya.
 
Publisher Universitas Andalas
 
Contributor

 
Date 2020-12-13
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

Library Research
Library Research
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnalantropologi.fisip.unand.ac.id/index.php/jantro/article/view/178
10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p151-159.2020
 
Source Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya; Vol 22, No 2 (2020): (December); 151-159
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya; Vol 22, No 2 (2020): (December); 151-159
2355-5963
1410-8356
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnalantropologi.fisip.unand.ac.id/index.php/jantro/article/view/178/147
http://jurnalantropologi.fisip.unand.ac.id/index.php/jantro/article/downloadSuppFile/178/160
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 irmalini syafrita, mukhamad murdiono
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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