Mitigasi dan Adaptasi Struktural Bahaya Banjir Berdasarkan Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Aceh Singkil Provinsi Aceh.

Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya

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Title Mitigasi dan Adaptasi Struktural Bahaya Banjir Berdasarkan Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Aceh Singkil Provinsi Aceh.
Mitigasi dan Adaptasi Struktural Bahaya Banjir Berdasarkan Kearifan lokal Masyarakat Aceh Singkil
 
Creator Ismail, Nazli
Bakhtiar, Bakhtiar
Yanis, Muhammad
Darisma, Dian
Abdullah, Faisal
 
Subject Anthropology; Sociology; Cultural Studies
Local Wisdom; flood hazard; mitigation; adaptation; Aceh Singkil
Development and Enviromental Studies
Community
 
Description Most of the Singkil communities live along the river banks. Their long-term experience has generated some local wisdom in flood hazard mitigation and adaptation. To revitalize the values of the local wisdom, we have researched Cingkam Village, Aceh Singkil District, Aceh Province. A descriptive exploratory method was used in this study. Field data were collected based on field observations, interviews with local communities, and in-depth interviews with community leaders and local government regarding knowledge, experience, implementation, and possibility of developing the local wisdom. The results showed that the Singkil community practice local wisdom on structural mitigation and adaptation in flood hazards. They constructed floating buildings, namely sapao metungkhang, lampung, and bagan, made of logs drifting along the river. The buildings are practically effective, so that daily household and communal activities can still be carried out both in normal conditions and during flooding. However, they tend to disappear due to several factors including shortages of raw materials, progress inland transportation development, relocation of community far from rivers, and dimmed water transportation routes. Although the practices are starting to be abandoned, they still have the potential to be preserved and developed for both flood risk reduction and tourism destinations.
Most of Singkil community are used to living along the river side. The long-term experience on it has created some local wisdoms in efforts to mitigate and adapt to flood hazards. To bring back values of the local wisdom, we have conducted a research in Cingkam Village, Aceh Singkil District. The study applied a descriptive exploratory that based on field observations, interviews with local communities and in-depth interviews with community leaders and local government regarding knowledge, experience, implementation, and possibility of developing the local wisdoms. The results showed that the Singkil community practiced local wisdom on structural mitigation and adaptation to flood hazards in the form of floating buildings namely sapao metungkhang, lampung and bagan. These buildings were made of logs drifting along the river. The buildings are practically effective, so that daily household and communal activities can still be carried out both in normal conditions and during flooding. The buildings now tend to disappear due to several factors; such as shortages of raw materials, progress in land transportation development, relocation of community far from rivers and dimmed water transportation routes. Although the local wisdoms are starting to be abandoned, they still have potential to be preserved and developed for both flood risk reduction and tourism destinations.
 
Publisher Universitas Andalas
 
Contributor

 
Date 2020-12-13
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

interview; observe
Observation; Interview
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnalantropologi.fisip.unand.ac.id/index.php/jantro/article/view/448
10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p276-285.2020
 
Source Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya; Vol 22, No 2 (2020): (December); 276-285
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya; Vol 22, No 2 (2020): (December); 276-285
2355-5963
1410-8356
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnalantropologi.fisip.unand.ac.id/index.php/jantro/article/view/448/159
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Nazli Ismail
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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