The Fiscal Capacity of the New Autonomous Region (DOB) in Increasing Economic Growth and Eradication of the Poor

Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance

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Title The Fiscal Capacity of the New Autonomous Region (DOB) in Increasing Economic Growth and Eradication of the Poor
The Proliferasi dalam Era Desentralisasi Fiskal Menuju Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Pembangunan Daerah dan Pengentasan Kemiskinan
 
Creator Temenggung, Yuswandi Arsyad
Moenek, Reydonnyzar
Suwanda, Dadang
Mulyadi, Mohammad
 
Subject Proliferasi
Desentralisasi Fiskal
Pertumbuhan Ekonomi
Pembangunan Daerah
Pengentasan Kemiskinan
State Proliferation
Fiscal Decentralization
Economic Growth
Regional Development
Poor Eradication
 
Description Indonesia has conducted territorial expansion to improve public services, create more effective governance, and increase regional development. Territorial expansion was accompanied by fiscal Decentralization, so that allowed the regions to manage their finances by arranging regional development programs and other planning. However, in its implementation, Decentralization, which has been running for two decades, has experienced problems such as the financial over-dependence on central government and development inequity, which has further implications for eradicating the poor. The purpose of this research is to analyze to what extent the territorial expansion that have been running is able to increase the fiscal revenue of new autonomous regions (DOB) in order to maximize economic growth, equitable territorial development and regional development to be able to eradicate the poor and improve the welfare of the community. The research method uses descriptive methods with a qualitative approach. This study uses data from a period of 2015 to 2019 in accordance with the National Mid-Term Development Plan (RPJMN). The results showed that the development of new autonomous regions in the era of post-reform regional autonomy were 8 provinces, 181 districts and 34 cities. Therefore, the allocation of transfer funds to the regions is increasing every year. For the 2020 State Budget, around Rp.858 trillion or around 34.6% of total state expenditure. However, ironically, the over-dependence of DOB on fiscal Decentralization has not declined. If seen from the ratio of PAD to total regional income, it is known that DOB currently still depends on the parent region or central government, while the DOB growth rate is lower comparing to their parent region. On the other hand, the focus of DOB development is more on government facilities and infrastructure. Although in some new autonomous regions, there is a decrease in poverty, in general, poverty levels in new autonomous regions are relatively higher than in parent regions.
Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menganalisis sejauh mana proliferasi pemerintah daerah yang telah berjalan dapat meningkatkan penerimaan fiskal daerah otonomi baru (DOB) sehingga dapat memaksimalkan pertumbuhan ekonomi, pemerataan pembangunan daerah dan pengembangan wilayah untuk dapat mengentaskan kemiskinan dan mensejahterakan masyarakat. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Kajian literatur dilakukan dengan menghimpun data hasil publikasi instansi/lembaga yang disandingkan dengan berbagai sumber literatur para ahli dan dokumen perundang-undangan serta wawancara mendalam dari responden yang kemudian dianalisa menjadi suatu kesimpulan. Literatur dan dokumen yang digunakan dapat berupa buku, jurnal, laporan kelembagaan, peraturan perundang-undangan, artikel, berita media, naskah akademik, kebijakan dan literatur lainnya yang berhubungan dengan fokus kajian. Penelitian ini menggunakan kurun waktu dari tahun 2015 sampai tahun 2019 sesuai dengan RPJMN. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perkembangan DOB di era otonomi daerah pasca reformasi adalah sangat signifikan yaitu sebanyak 8 propinsi, 181 kabupaten dan 34 kota. Karena itu alokasi dana transfer ke daerah semakin meningkat setiap tahunnya. Untuk APBN 2020 sekitar Rp.858 triliun atau sekitar 34.6% dari total belanja negara. Namun ironisnya, ketergantungan DOB terhadp desentralisasi fiskal ternyata tidak menurun. Jika dilihat dari rasio PAD terhadap total pendapatan daerah, diketahui DOB saat ini masih tergantung kepada daerah induk atau pemerintah pusat, sedangkan tingkat pertumbuhan DOB lebih rendah, disisi lain fokus pembangunan DOB lebih digunakan kepada sarana dan prasarana pemerintahan. Meskipun secara umum terjadi pengurangan kemiskinan namun secara umum tingkat kemiskinan di DOB relatif lebih tinggi dibanding daerah induk.
 
Publisher Research and Development Agency Ministry of Home Affairs
 
Date 2020-05-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/681
10.21787/jbp.12.2020.75-87
 
Source Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol 12 No 1 (2020); 77-89
Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol. 12 No. 1 (2020); 77-89
2503-3360
2085-4323
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/681/420
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Yuswandi Arsyad Temenggung, Reydonnyzar Moenek, Dadang Suwanda, Mohammad Mulyadi
 

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