Assessing the Rate of Child Maintenance (Financial Support) from a Shariah Perspective: the Case of Malaysia

Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Assessing the Rate of Child Maintenance (Financial Support) from a Shariah Perspective: the Case of Malaysia
 
Creator Ahmad, Bahiyah
Hj. Azahari, Raihanah
Ab Rahman, Asmak
Abdul Wahab, Mazni
 
Subject Sharia
child maintenance; financial support; assessment; kifāyah and ma’rūf
 
Description Shariah mandates the criteria of kifāyah and ma’rūf in assessing maintenance for wives and children; however, these criteria currently require assesment and evaluation as maintenance is mostly influenced by society’s practices and by socioeconomic status. Consequently, Malaysia’s Islamic Family Law (Federal Territory) Act 1984 presribes that the maintenance assesment for wives and children must be based on the means (ma’rūf)  and needs (kifāyah) of the parties. However, this provision is too general and there is no clear explanation of what constitutes these criteria for the parties. This provision has troubled some parties as it leaves the determination of the maintenance rate to a judge’s discretion regarding both criteria. This study, with a methodology of content analysis and in-depth interviews, determines an assessment formula for both criteria in assessing child maintenance. Hukum Islam mensyaratkan dua kriteria dalam pemberian nafkah istri dan anak yaitu kifāyah dan ma’rūf. Namun kriteria tersebut saat ini perlu ditinjau dan evaluasi lagi sesuai dengan praktik masyarakat serta keadaan social ekonomi saat ini. Seperti yang terdapat dalam hukum perundangan keluarga Islam Malaysia tahun 1984 yang menyatakan bahwa ma’rūf dan kifāyah menjadi syarat utama pemberian nafkah istri dan anak. Bagaimanapun penjelasan kriteria tersebut masih terlalu umum dan kurang jelas. Hal ini juga menyisakan beberapa persoalan akibat keputusan pengadilan yang mendasarkan pada kedua kriteria tersebut. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan analisis isi dan wawancara mendalam, kajian ini menguatkan penilaian kedua kriteria tersebut. 
 
Publisher Al-Jami'ah Research Centre
 
Contributor Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia (MOHE)
 
Date 2020-12-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://aljamiah.or.id/index.php/AJIS/article/view/58202
10.14421/ajis.2020.582.293-322
 
Source Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies; Vol 58, No 2 (2020); 293-322
2338-557X
0126-012X
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://aljamiah.or.id/index.php/AJIS/article/view/58202/394
https://aljamiah.or.id/index.php/AJIS/article/downloadSuppFile/58202/91
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Bahiyah Ahmad, Raihanah Hj. Azahari, Asmak Ab Rahman, Mazni Abdul Wahab
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library