Pendekatan Sastra Bandingan Feminis atas Variasi Gubah Ulang Agni Pariksha Sita dalam Tiga Sajak Indonesia

ATAVISME

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Title Pendekatan Sastra Bandingan Feminis atas Variasi Gubah Ulang Agni Pariksha Sita dalam Tiga Sajak Indonesia
Pendekatan Sastra Bandingan Feminis Atas Variasi Gubah Ulang Agni Pariksha Sita dalam Tiga Sajak Indonesia
 
Creator Nugraha, Dipa
Suyitno, Suyitno
 
Subject Agni Pariksha; sastra bandingan feminis; feminisme eksistensialis; pertanyaan subjek; subjek dalam situasi
Agni Pariksha; sastra bandingan feminis; feminisme eksistensialis; pertanyaan subjek; subjek dalam situasi
 
Description Babak Agni Pariksha (percobaan api atas Sita) di dalam kisah Ramayana telah menginspirasi banyak sastrawan Indonesia di dalam menghasilkan karya-karya sastra. Selama ini kajian mengenai karya yang terinspirasi oleh Agni Pariksha sudah banyak dilakukan, tetapi belum ada yang menggunakan pendekatan sastra bandingan feminis. Di samping itu, masih terdapat keraguan mengenai keterlibatan laki-laki di dalam feminisme dan/atau kritik terhadap sistem patriarki. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan sastra bandingan feminis terhadap tiga sajak: Asmaradana karya Subagio Sastrowardoyo, Sita Sihir karya Sapardi Djoko Damono, dan Sepucuk Surat Sita Sebelum Labuh Pati karya Soni Farid Maulana. Pembacaan cermat dan analisis isi dilakukan atas ketiga sajak untuk menyibak makna laten bernuansa feminisme sembari dibandingkan dengan kisah asli Ramayana. Penelitian ini menghasilkan temuan bahwa ketiga sajak mengkritik representasi ideal dari konstruksi relasi gender heteroseksual di dalam sistem patriarki yang terbangun dari kisah Ramayana. Temuan ini memberikan bukti bahwa laki-laki pun dapat mengajukan kritik terhadap sistem patriarki dari posisi mereka sebagai laki-laki dan sekaligus mengartikulasikan pandangan mereka yang koheren dengan gerakan feminisme[A Comparative Feminist Approach on the Variety of Re-writing Sitas Agni Pariksha in Three Indonesian Poems] Agni Pariksha (Sitas Fire Ordeal) in Ramayana has inspired many Indonesian writers. Previous studies on the writings inspired by Agni Pariksha in Indonesian literature have never used feminist comparative literature approach. Moreover, there have been doubts on the involvement of men in feminism and/or in criticizing patriarchy. This study used feminist comparative literature approach on three Indonesian poems: Asmaradana by Subagio Sastrowardoyo, Sita Sihir by Sapardi Djoko Damono, and Sepucuk Surat Sita Sebelum Labuh Pati by Soni Farid Maulana. These poems were close read and analyzed using content analysis to reveal their potential profeminism messages whilst also compared to the story of Ramayana. This study found that the three poems criticize the ideal representation of heterosexual gender relation construction in the patriarchal system based on the story of Ramayana. The findings suggest that men are able to give criticism towards the patriarchal system from their subject position as men while at the same time also articulate their pro-feminism stance.Keywords: Agni Pariksha; feminist comparative literature; existentialist feminism; subject question;subject in situation
Babak Agni Pariksha (percobaan api atas Sita) di dalam kisah Ramayana telah menginspirasi banyak sastrawan Indonesia di dalam menghasilkan karya-karya sastra. Selama ini kajian mengenai karya yang terinspirasi oleh Agni Pariksha sudah banyak dilakukan, tetapi belum ada yang menggunakan pendekatan sastra bandingan feminis. Di samping itu, masih terdapat keraguan mengenai keterlibatan laki-laki di dalam feminisme dan/atau kritik terhadap sistem patriarki. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan sastra bandingan feminis terhadap tiga sajak: “Asmaradana” karya Subagio Sastrowardoyo, “Sita Sihir” karya Sapardi Djoko Damono, dan “Sepucuk Surat Sita Sebelum Labuh Pati” karya Soni Farid Maulana. Pembacaan cermat dan analisis isi dilakukan atas ketiga sajak untuk menyibak makna laten bernuansa feminisme sembari dibandingkan dengan kisah asli Ramayana. Penelitian ini menghasilkan temuan bahwa ketiga sajak mengkritik representasi ideal dari konstruksi relasi gender heteroseksual di dalam sistem patriarki yang terbangun dari kisah Ramayana. Temuan ini memberikan bukti bahwa laki-laki pun dapat mengajukan kritik terhadap sistem patriarki dari posisi mereka sebagai laki-laki dan sekaligus mengartikulasikan pandangan mereka yang koheren dengan gerakan feminisme[A Comparative Feminist Approach on the Variety of Re-writing Sita’s Agni Pariksha in Three Indonesian Poems] Agni Pariksha (Sita’s Fire Ordeal) in Ramayana has inspired many Indonesian writers. Previous studies on the writings inspired by Agni Pariksha in Indonesian literature have never used feminist comparative literature approach. Moreover, there have been doubts on the involvement of men in feminism and/or in criticizing patriarchy. This study used feminist comparative literature approach on three Indonesian poems: “Asmaradana” by Subagio Sastrowardoyo, “Sita Sihir” by Sapardi Djoko Damono, and “Sepucuk Surat Sita Sebelum Labuh Pati” by Soni Farid Maulana. These poems were close read and analyzed using content analysis to reveal their potential profeminism messages whilst also compared to the story of Ramayana. This study found that the three poems criticize the ideal representation of heterosexual gender relation construction in the patriarchal system based on the story of Ramayana. The findings suggest that men are able to give criticism towards the patriarchal system from their subject position as men while at the same time also articulate their pro-feminism stance.Keywords: Agni Pariksha; feminist comparative literature; existentialist feminism; subject question;subject in situation
 
Publisher Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur
 
Contributor

 
Date 2020-06-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://atavisme.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/atavisme/article/view/628
10.24257/atavisme.v23i1.628.62-74
 
Source ATAVISME; Vol 23, No 1 (2020): ATAVISME; 62-74
2503-5215
1410-900X
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://atavisme.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/atavisme/article/view/628/418
https://atavisme.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/atavisme/article/downloadSuppFile/628/262
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 ATAVISME
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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