Humanisme Karya-Karya Sastra Pramoedya Ananta Toer: Sebuah Pergulatan Diskursif

ATAVISME

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Title Humanisme Karya-Karya Sastra Pramoedya Ananta Toer: Sebuah Pergulatan Diskursif
HUMANISME KARYA-KARYA SASTRA PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER: SEBUAH PERGULATAN DISKURSIF
 
Creator Faruk, Faruk
 
Subject Pramoedya Ananta Toer, humanism, nationalism, discourse, location of culture
Pramoedya Ananta Toer; Humanisme; Nasionalisme; Wacana; Location of Culture
 
Description Until now Pramoedya Ananta Toer is still recognized as a great Indonesian writer. For this reason, many people doubt that Hanung Bramantyo as popular movie director can perfectly and deeply adapt Pramoedya’s literary works into movies. Some scholars agree that one of the fundamental values in Pramoedya’s works is humanism. However, since Pramoedya visited China and was involved in Lekra, their opinions were split into two categories of humanism: universal humanism on the one hand and the socialist humanism on the other. This research attempted to scrutinize whether Pramoedya is on one of the humanism categories or beyond both categories. Theoretical framework of this research is Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory combined with Bhabha’s concept Location of Culture, while the method is the appropriate discourse analysis method.  This research found that Pramoedya’s humanism is beyond universal and socialist humanism. In his articulations of humanism as uncovered from his literary works, there are different positions taken by Pramoedya according to different discursive arenas in wich the humanism articulated. In other words, Pramoedya’s postcolonial humanism is located in the liminal area that is always in contestation and negotiation.
Hingga saat ini Pramoedya Ananta Toer masih dikenal sebagai penulis besar Indonesia. Karena itulah, banyak orang meragukan Hanung Bramantyo sebagai sutradara film populer akan mampu mengadaptasi karya Pramoedya menjadi film secara sempurna dan mendalam. Beberapa peneliti sepakat bahwa salah satu nilai utama dalam karya-karya Pramoedya adalah humanisme. Namun, sejak Pramoedya mengunjungi RRC dan berhubungan dengan Lekra, pendapat mereka terbelah menjadi dua kategori, yaitu humanisme universal dan humanisme sosialis. Penelitian ini mencoba menelaah kembali apakah Pramoedya berada pada salah satu sisi humanisme atau di luar kedua kemungkinan tersebut. Dengan menggunakan teori wacana dari Laclau dan Mouffe yang digabungkan dengan konsep Bhaba, Location of Culture. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa humanisme Pramoedya melampaui humanisme universal dan sosialis. Dalam karya-karya sastranya terdapat posisi humanism yang berbeda berdasarkan arena diskursif tempat humanisme itu diartikulasikan. Dengan kata lain, humanisme pascakolonial Pramoedya berada dalam area liminal sehingga terus-menerus dalam kontestasi dan negosiasi. Kata kunci: Pramoedya Ananta Toer, humanisme, nasionalisme, wacana, location of culture. Until now Pramoedya Ananta Toer is still being recognized as a great Indonesian writer. For this reason many people doubt that Hanung Bramantyo as popular film director can adapt perfectly and deeply Pramoedya literary works into film. Some scholars supposedly said that one of the fundamental values contain in Pramoedya work is humanism. But since Pramoedya visited China and involved in Lekra their opininons was splited into two different humanism of the writer. Those humanism are universal humanism on the one side and the socialist humanism in the other. This research try to scrutinize whether Pramoedya is on one of the sides or beyond both sides. By using Laclau and Mouffe theory of discourse wich is combined with Bhaba’s concept, Location of Culture, this research find that Pramoedya humanism is beyond universal and socialist humanism. In his articulations of humanism as uncovered from his literary works there are different position taken by Pramoedya according to different discursive arena in wich the humanism articulated. In other word Pramoedya’s postcolonial humanism is located in the liminal area that is always in contested and negotiated.Key words: Pramoedya Ananta Toer, humanism, nationalism, discourse, location of culture.
 
Publisher Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur
 
Contributor
Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM
 
Date 2019-06-26
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://atavisme.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/atavisme/article/view/507
10.24257/atavisme.v22i1.507.1-14
 
Source ATAVISME; Vol 22, No 1 (2019): ATAVISME; 1-14
2503-5215
1410-900X
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://atavisme.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/atavisme/article/view/507/349
https://atavisme.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/atavisme/article/downloadSuppFile/507/225
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 ATAVISME
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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