The impact of human activities on wilderness and aesthetic values in Antarctica

Polar Research

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Field Value
 
Title The impact of human activities on wilderness and aesthetic values in Antarctica
 
Creator Summerson, Rupert
Bishop, Ian D.
 
Subject Antarctica
Madrid Protocol
wilderness
aesthetic
values
photographs
 
Description There has been little progress in implementing protection of wilderness and aesthetic values in Antarctica since the coming into force of the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty in 1998. This can in part be attributed to a lack of research defining these values and showing how they may be assessed. In 2009, a survey comprising 90 images of Antarctic landscapes was established on the Internet to canvass as wide a cross-section of people with an interest in Antarctica as possible on their perceptions of wilderness and their aesthetic preference. At the time of writing, over 337 respondents from 23 nationalities have taken part in the survey. Responses were analysed to determine the effect of human presence, both transient and as infrastructure, on perceptions of wilderness and aesthetic values. The analysis was in three parts: (1) all images combined; (2) images grouped by landscape type, derived from the Environmental Domains of Antarctica regionalization; and (3) 16 pairs of digitally manipulated images of which respondents were shown either an original image or one in which human presence had been either digitally removed or added. Responses to images grouped by landscape type show that coastal and ice-free areas are less valued both aesthetically and as wilderness than mountainous and ice-covered terrains. Signs of human presence were found to make images significantly less likely to be considered as wilderness and also reduced their aesthetic rating. This demonstrates that human impacts on these values are measureable.Keywords: Antarctica; Madrid Protocol; wilderness; aesthetic; values; photographs(Published: 28 December 2012)To access the supplementary material to this article, please see Supplementary Files in the column to the right (under Article Tools)Citation: Polar Research 2012, 31, 10858, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v31i0.10858
 
Publisher Norwegian Polar Institute
 
Date 2012-12-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
application/pdf
text/html
application/epub+zip
text/xml
application/pdf
 
Identifier https://polarresearch.net/index.php/polar/article/view/2614
10.3402/polar.v31i0.10858
 
Source Polar Research; Vol 31 (2012)
1751-8369
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://polarresearch.net/index.php/polar/article/view/2614/pdf_2
https://polarresearch.net/index.php/polar/article/view/2614/pdf_1
https://polarresearch.net/index.php/polar/article/view/2614/html
https://polarresearch.net/index.php/polar/article/view/2614/epub
https://polarresearch.net/index.php/polar/article/view/2614/xml
https://polarresearch.net/index.php/polar/article/view/2614/5972
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Polar Research
 

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