Perceptions of Social Support among Older Adults Living in the so-called Centros de Vida Institutions

Revista Diversitas

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Title Perceptions of Social Support among Older Adults Living in the so-called Centros de Vida Institutions
Percepción del apoyo social en adultos mayores pertenecientes a las instituciones denominadas Centros de Vida
 
Creator Fernández Aragón, Shirley
Cáceres Rivera, Diana
Manrique-Anaya, Yolima
 
Subject Ninguna
 
Description Networks of social support are determining factors for the health of older adults, since their absence increases the risk of physical and psychological disorders. This research aimed to describe the perception of social support among older adults living in the so-called Centros de Vida [Life Centers] in Cartagena, Colombia. It was a descriptive-transversal study, with a sample of 320 individuals from a population of 2,308 resident seniors. Information was collected through the Perception of Social Support Multidimensional Scale. Socio-demographically, participants were between 80 and 89 years of age (32.8%), male (50.9%), married (29.7%), in free union (30.3%), lacking in educational background (47.8%), childless (90.6%), having just grandchildren (84.1%), and suffering from hypertension (48.8%). The most frequent perception of social support was excellent (34.4%), especially with family (45.3%) and relatives (48.1%). In conclusion, older adults perceive excellent social support in these institutions.
En los adultos mayores las redes de apoyo social son determinantes para su estado de salud, su ausencia incrementa el riesgo de trastornos físicos y psicológicos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir la percepción del apoyo social en los adultos mayores pertenecientes a los denominados Centros de Vida en la ciudad de Cartagena (Colombia). Fue un estudio descriptivo-transversal en una muestra de 320 individuos de una población de 2.308 adultos mayores; la información se recolectó a través de la Escala Multidimensional Percepción de Apoyo Social. Socio-demográficamente la edad estuvo entre 80 – 89 años (32.8%), masculinos (50.9%), casados (29.7%) y en unión libre (30.3%), sin formación educativa (47.8%), sin hijos (90.6%) y nietos solo (84.1%), hipertensos (48.8%). La percepción de apoyo social más frecuente fue excelente (34.4%), sobre todo con la familia (45.3%) y allegados (48.1%). Los adultos mayores perciben un excelente apoyo social en las instituciones.
 
Publisher Universidad Santo Tomás, Bogotá, Colombia
 
Date 2020-01-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Artículo revisado por pares
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistas.usantotomas.edu.co/index.php/diversitas/article/view/5541
10.15332/22563067.5541
 
Source Diversitas; Vol. 16 Núm. 1 (2020); 55 - 64
Diversitas; Vol. 16 No. 1 (2020); 55 - 64
2256-3067
1794-9998
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.usantotomas.edu.co/index.php/diversitas/article/view/5541/5458
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2020 Diversitas
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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