Die Herstellung von Verwaltungstatsachen: Behörden und Antragsteller/innen im Streit um Erwerbsmöglichkeiten

Administory. Journal for the History of Public Administration

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Field Value
 
Title Die Herstellung von Verwaltungstatsachen: Behörden und Antragsteller/innen im Streit um Erwerbsmöglichkeiten
 
Creator Wadauer, Sigrid; Universität Wien
 
Subject Geschichte; Verwaltung; Verwaltungsgeschichte; Wirtschaftsgeschichte
Geschichte; Verwaltung; Verwaltungsgeschichte; History; Administration; History of Administration; Politik; Staat; State; Handel; Trade; Wirtschaft;
 
Description State social policies and the related administrative practices have contributed substantially since the end of the 19th century to producing and normalising new forms of work in Europe. This has given rise to new rights and obligations and changed the relationship between a state and its citizens. The article looks at struggles on the opportunities and requirements for legally practising a trade in Austria in the period from 1918 to 1938, focusing on procedures for granting licences to trade. Besides the applicant and the Office of Trade, numerous other authorities (with different and often opposing interests), organisations and individuals could be directly or indirectly involved in these procedures. The article presents the findings of a systematic comparison of various attempts to obtain a licence to trade, highlighting the different situations and interactions in which arguments over the legitimacy of a given trade took place. The focus is on trades with little or no need for capital, premises, materials or formal qualifications, the licensing of which was nevertheless frequently dependent on a lengthy and laborious process of assessment. The methods by which applicants endeavoured to approach the authorities (or indeed avoid them) are outlined, along with how they made use of official categories, how they pursued their application with varying degrees of persistence and success, the information and arguments they put forward, and ultimately the role they played in shaping public administration (and thus also the opportunities and requirements for practising a trade).  <h4>About the Author</h4>Sigrid Wadauer, historian, is currently professor of Social and Economic History at the University of Vienna. Her research focusses on work/livelihood, mobility/migration, autobiogra- phy and the life course, social policy, criminal justice. 
 
Publisher Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung
 
Contributor
 
Date 2016-09-26
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
text/html
 
Identifier https://adhi.univie.ac.at/index.php/adhi/article/view/1658
 
Source Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte; Bd. 1 (2016): Verwaltungsgeschichte im Dialog/Administrative History in Dialogue
ADMINISTORY. Journal for the History of Public Administration; Bd. 1 (2016): Verwaltungsgeschichte im Dialog/Administrative History in Dialogue
2519-1187
 
Language deu
 
Relation https://adhi.univie.ac.at/index.php/adhi/article/view/1658/pdf_5
https://adhi.univie.ac.at/index.php/adhi/article/view/1658/html_2
 
Coverage Europa; Österreich
1. Republik; 20. Jahrhundert

 
Rights Copyright (c) 2016 Sigrid Wadauer
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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