Profil penalaran kuantitatif siswa SMP dalam memecahkan masalah ditinjau dari gaya kognitif field independent dan field dependent

Math Didactic: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika

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Title Profil penalaran kuantitatif siswa SMP dalam memecahkan masalah ditinjau dari gaya kognitif field independent dan field dependent
Profile of student’s quantitative reasoning in solving problems based on the cognitive style field independent and field dependent
 
Creator Rachmatika, Fajriyah
Juniati, Dwi
Lukito, Agung
 
Subject quantitative reasoning
problem solving
field independent
field dependent
penalaran kuantitatif
pemecahan masalah
field independent
field dependent
 
Description This research is qualitative descriptive, which aimed at describing the student’s quantitative reasoning in solving problems based on the cognitive style Field Independent and Field Dependent. Two girls’ students of Ma’arif Junior High School Sukorejo were selected as subjects from the higher rank in the mathematics’ test and represent two types of cognitive style Field Independent and Field Dependent. The chosen students were asked to solve mathematics problems and were interviewed. In general, the results showed there are differences in quantitative reasoning between Field Independent and Field Dependent students. Field independent student presented all information on the problem, while the Field Dependent student only presented some information on the problem and did not present the other information. Field independent student can showed the limitations of mathematical methods in the form of equations that can only use to solve a given problem or a problem that same as a given problem, while Field Dependent student cannot showed the limitations of their mathematical methods. By knowing the different quantitative reasoning and cognitive styles of students, it is hoped that the teacher can provide appropriate learning so that the learning provided is more optimal.
Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif, yang bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penalaran kuantitatif siswa dalam memecahkan masalah ditinjau dari gaya kognitif Field Independent dan Field Dependent. Dua siswa MTs Maarif Sukorejo dipilih menjadi subjek penelitian berdasarkan kemampuan matematika yang tinggi dari hasil tes kemampuan matematika serta mewakili gaya kognitif Field Independent dan Field Dependent dari hasil group embedded figure test. Siswa yang terpilih diminta untuk memecahkan masalah matematika dan diwawancarai. Secara umum hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan penalaran kuantitatif antara siswa Field Independent dan Field Dependent. Siswa Field Independent dapat menyajikan seluruh informasi ada dalam soal, sedangkan siswa Field Dependent dapat menyajikan sebagian informasi pada soal dan tidak menyajikan beberapa informasi yang lain. Siswa Field Independent dapat menunjukkan keterbatasan berupa persamaan yang hanya bisa digunakan untuk menyelesaikan soal yang diberikan atau soal yang sama persis dengan soal yang diberikan, akan tetapi siswa Field Dependent tidak dapat menunjukkan keterbatasan metode matematisnya. Dengan mengetahui penalaran kuantitatif dan  gaya kognitif siswa yang berbeda diharapkan guru dapat memberikan pembelajaran yang sesuai sehingga pembelajaran yang diberikan lebih optimal.
 
Publisher STKIP PGRI Banjarmasin
 
Date 2020-11-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://jurnal.stkipbjm.ac.id/index.php/math/article/view/1071
10.33654/math.v6i3.1071
 
Source Math Didactic: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika; Vol 6 No 3 (2020); 253-263
Math Didactic: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika; Vol 6 No 3 (2020); 253-263
2579-3977
2442-3041
10.33654/math.v6i3
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://jurnal.stkipbjm.ac.id/index.php/math/article/view/1071/564
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Fajriyah Rachmatika, Dwi Juniati, Agung Lukito
 

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