Analisi Costo-Efficacia di Amfotericina B Liposomiale (L-AmB) versus Amfotericina B Complesso Lipidico (ABLC) nel trattamento empirico della neutropenia febbrile

Farmeconomia. Health economics and therapeutic pathways

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Title Analisi Costo-Efficacia di Amfotericina B Liposomiale (L-AmB) versus Amfotericina B Complesso Lipidico (ABLC) nel trattamento empirico della neutropenia febbrile
 
Creator Eandi, Mario
 
Subject Pharmacoeconomics; Health economics
Liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB); AmB lipid complex (ABLC); Cost/effectiveness analys; Antimicrobial therapy; Febrile neutropenia
 
Description Current international guidelines for the management of immuno-compromised patients with febrile neutropenia recommend a systemic antimicrobial therapy if fever hasn’t receded after three days of antibiotic treatment. Amphotericin B remains the gold standard because of its broad spectrum fungicidal action and minimal resistance development risk. Nonetheless, therapeutic use of the standard formulation, Amphotericin B deoxycholate, is limited by its toxicity, especially on the kidneys. To counteract this, amphotericin B has been encapsulated in liposomes, a process which reduces its toxicity and allows higher doses to be given. Three lipid formulations have been developed and are now available in most countries: amB colloidal dispersion (ABCD), amB lipid complex (ABLC), and liposomal amB (L-AmB). These lipid formulations differ in pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics, and can’t therefore be considered interchangeable. Besides, they are more expensive than Amphotericin B deoxycholate. Aim of the study is to perform a cost/effectiveness analysis (CEA) comparing L-AmB (3mg/kg/die or 5mg/kg/ die) and ABLC (5mg/kg/die) as first-line antimicrobial empirical treatments in immuno-compromised patients with febrile neutropenia resistant to broad spectrum antibiotics. Secondly, we present a cost-minimization analysis (CMA) of the considered alternatives, assuming the same efficacy for all treatments. At the end we value the principal cost items from the point of view of the Italian Health Service, with a particular focus on the economic burden caused by adverse reactions.
 
Publisher SEEd Medical Publishers
 
Date 2005-12-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journals.edizioniseed.it/index.php/FE/article/view/851
10.7175/fe.v6i4.851
 
Source Farmeconomia. Health economics and therapeutic pathways; Vol 6, No 4 (2005); 333-347
2240-256X
1721-6915
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journals.edizioniseed.it/index.php/FE/article/view/851/935
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2005 Farmeconomia. Health economics and therapeutic pathways
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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