3D FEA study on: Implant Threading Role on Selection of Implant and Crown Materials

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

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Title 3D FEA study on: Implant Threading Role on Selection of Implant and Crown Materials
Creator Wazeh, Ahmad Mohamad
El-Anwar, Mohamed I.
Galal Atia, Rami M.
Mahjari, Rana Mohammed
Linga, Sara Abdulelah
Al-Pakistani, Linah Mujeeb Alhaq
Yousief, Salah Abdel Azeem
Subject Dental implant
Finite Element Analysis
Fixed Prosthodontics
Description AIM: This study deeply investigates the effect of dental implant threading and material selection on the mandibular bone under two different crown materials (Translucent Zirconia and Porcelain fused to metal).
METHODS: Two different designs of single piece dental implants were supporting dummy crown above simplified bone geometry in two finite element models. Models components were created by general-purpose CAD/CAM engineering package and then assembled inside ANSYS before meshing and assigning materials. Compressive loading of 100 N and 45º oblique loading of 50 N were tested.
RESULTS: Twenty-four case studies were analysed, and their results were compared. Micro thread reduces implant maximum Von Mises stress by about 50 to 70% than regular thread one. Oblique loading of 50 N will produce 4 to 5 times more maximum Von Mises values on implant body than 100 N vertical loading. Zero or negligible effect on the cortical bone was recorded when exchanging the tested crown material. Although titanium implant can also reduce cortical bone, Von Mises stress by 50 to 100% in comparison to reinforced PEKK (poly ether-ketone-ketone) or PEEK (poly-ether-ether-ketone).
CONCLUSIONS: Reinforced PEKK and PEEK implants can represent a good alternative to titanium implants. Zirconia crown distributes the applied load better than Porcelain fused to a metal one. Regardless of the implant material, an implant with the micro thread has superior behaviour in comparison to a regular one. Zirconia crown above titanium implant with the micro thread may represent the best option for patient bone.
Publisher Scientific Foundation SPIROSKI, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Date 2018-09-11
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Finite element study
Format application/pdf
Identifier https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.331
Source Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences; Vol. 6 No. 9 (2018): Sep 25 (OAMJMS); 1702-1706
Language eng
Relation https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.331/2471

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