Kajian Dampak Perubahan Iklim Terhadap Degradasi Tanah

Jurnal Alami

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Title Kajian Dampak Perubahan Iklim Terhadap Degradasi Tanah
 
Creator Utami, Dyah Nursita
 
Description ABSTRACTNatural disasters that occur in Indonesia are disasters caused by climate change, such as landslides, floods, flash floods, droughts, forest and land fires, crop failures and other natural disaster. Climate change such as rainfall trends, temperature trends, normal changes in rainfall, extreme climate changes greatly affect the balance of the environmental ecosystem which then becomes one of the triggers of natural disasters that occur. For example changes in high rainfall will affect the physical, biological and chemical nature of the soil which makes soil prone to soil erosion and even landslides can occur. Extreme changes in air temperature also affect soil degradation resulting in soil compaction, fractures, acidification and reduced soil organic matter and biodiversity of soil biota, so that plants lack nutrients and eventually crop failure occurs.Because of that basis, the study of the impacts of climate change on soil properties needs to be done in the hope that they can take the right steps in dealing with climate change, so that the environment has resilience in dealing with climate change Keywords: climate change, soil degradation, environmental resilience ABSTRAKBencana alam yang terjadi di Indonesia merupakan bencana yang banyak disebabkan oleh adanya perubahan iklim, seperti tanah longsor, banjir, banjir bandang, kekeringan, kebakaran hutan dan lahan, gagal panen serta bencana alam lain sebagainya. Perubahan iklim seperti tren curah hujan, tren suhu, perubahan normal curah hujan, ekstrem perubahan iklim sangat mempengaruhi keseimbangan ekosistem lingkungan yang kemudian menjadi salah satu trigger bencana alam itu terjadi. Sebagai contoh perubahan curah hujan yang tinggi akan mempergaruhi sifat tanah secara fisik, biologi dan kimiawi yang menjadikan tanah rawan terkena erosi tanah bahkan dapat terjadi tanah longsor. Perubahan suhu udara yang ekstrim juga berpengaruh terhadap degradasi tanah sehingga terjadi pemadatan tanah, rekahan, pengasaman serta berkurangnya bahan organik tanah serta biodiversitas biota tanah, sehingga tanaman kekurangan unsur hara dan akhirnya terjadi gagal panen. Karena dasar itulah kajian dampak perubahan iklim terhadap sifat-sifat tanah perlu dilakukan dengan harapan dapat mengambil langkah yang tepat dalam menghadapi perubahan iklim, sehingga lingkungan mempunyai ketangguhan (resilience) dalam menghadapi perubahan iklim. Kata kunci: perubahan iklim, degradasi tanah, ketangguhan lingkungan.
 
Publisher Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology / Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)
 
Date 2019-11-29
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
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Identifier http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744
10.29122/alami.v3i2.3744
 
Source Jurnal ALAMI : Jurnal Teknologi Reduksi Risiko Bencana; Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Alami; 122-131
2548-8635
10.29122/alami.v3i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744/pdf
http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744/3757
http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744/3758
http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744/3759
http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744/3760
http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744/3761
http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/Alami/article/view/3744/3762
10.29122/alami.v3i2.3744.g3191
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Alami : Jurnal Teknologi Reduksi Risiko Bencana
 

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