Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and risk of obstruction to air flow in Ginebra - Valle del Cauca

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Title Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and risk of obstruction to air flow in Ginebra - Valle del Cauca
Prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios y riesgo de obstrucción al flujo aéreo en Ginebra - Valle del Cauca
Prevalência de sintomas respiratórios e riscos de obstrução ao fluxo de aire em Ginebra - Valle del Cauca
 
Creator Bastidas Goyes, Alirio
Villán Gaona, Jorge
Betancourt López, Valeria
Suarez Niño, Andrea
Hincapié Díaz, Gustavo Adolfo
 
Subject Signs and symptoms respiratory
Cough
Dyspnea
Respiratory function test
Prevalence
Signos y síntomas respiratorios
tos
disnea
test de función respiratoria
prevalencia
Sinais e sintomas respiratórios
Tosse
Dispnéia
teste de função respiratória
prevalência
 
Description Background and objective: The prevalence of main respiratory symptoms in Ginebra (Valle del Cauca) is unknown. This study aimed to investigate dyspnea, cough, wheezes and expectoration in Ginebra a Town of ColombiaMethods: A cross-sectional design and a random, conglomerates-sampling strategy were used to provide representative samples of adults aged > 40 years. Each participant was interviewed with two questionnaires, validated Spanish version of the Ferris Respiratory Questionnaire and Lung Function Questionnaire (LFQ), of the latter, and a score less or equal 18 points was considered with risk of obstructive airflow. Analysis was performed using statistical software, sample size of 115 subjects (prevalence 50%, precision 10% and lost percentage 20%), the variables quantitative were summarized with frequencies and percentages, and the variables qualitative in Median and range interquartile, the prevalence of respiratory symptoms was calculated with CI95%, exploratory analysis were made with respiratory symptoms variables and exposure antecedents.Results: 146 participants, with 2 missing, Median of age 60,5 years (IQR: 22), 52,1% men, prevalence of cough 18,1% (CI95%: 11,8-24,3), expectoration 20,1% (IC95%:13,9-27,1), wheezes 28,2% (IC95%:21,1-35,9), dyspnea 33,3% (CI95%:25-41), subjects with risk of airflow obstruction 19,4% (CI95%:14,2-28,4). Exploratory analysis showed relationship between package-year index and cough (p=0,008), wood smoke exposure and cough (p=0,008), package-year index and expectoration (p=0,018), wheezes and smoking exposure (p=0,047), dyspnea and coronary disease (p=0,028), and dyspnea and arterial hypertension (p=0,037).Conclusion: Dyspnea is the respiratory symptom more frequent in Ginebra (Valle del Cauca), the antecedent of smoking was relationship with cough and wheezes. Using a questionnaire of respiratory symptoms can be useful to identify patients with risk of airflow obstruction, when is compared with the auto-report of respiratory disease
Antecedentes y Objetivo: La prevalencia de los principales síntomas respiratorios en Ginebra (Valle del Cauca) es desconocida. Este estudio busca investigar la prevalencia de disnea, tos, sibilancias y expectoración en Ginebra, un municipio rural de Colombia.Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal, con una estrategia de muestreo por conglomerados para tener una muestra representativa de adultos mayores de 40 años. Cada paciente fue entrevistado con dos cuestionarios, el cuestionario de síntomas respiratorios Ferris validado para el español y el cuestionario de función pulmonar (LFQ), de este último, un puntaje menor o igual a 18 puntos fue considerado como riesgo de obstrucción al flujo aéreo. El análisis de datos fue realizado con software estadístico, el tamaño de muestra fue de 115 sujetos (prevalencia 50%, precisión 10% y porcentaje de pérdida del 20%), las variables cuantitativas se resumieron en frecuencias y porcentajes y las variables cuantitativas en medianas y rangos intercuartílicos, la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios se calculó con un intervalo de confianza del 95% y se realizaron cruces exploratorios entre las variables de síntomas respiratorios y antecedentes exposicionales.Resultados: 146 sujetos, 2 pérdidas, mediana de edad 60,5 años (RIQ:22), 52,1% hombres, prevalencia de tos 18,1% (IC95%:11,8-24,3), expectoración 20,1% (IC95%:13,9-27,1), sibilancias 28,2% (IC95%:21,1-35,9), disnea 33,3% (IC95%:25-41), personas a riesgo de limitación flujo aéreo 19,4% (IC95%:14,2-28,4). En la realización de cruces exploratorios se obtuvo una relación entre el número de paquetes año y la presencia de tos (p=0,008), antecedente de exposición a leña y tos (p=0,008), número de paquetes año y expectoración (p=0,018), sibilancias y consumo de cigarrillo (p=0,047), disnea y antecedente de enfermedad coronaria (p=0,028), disnea y antecede de hipertensión arterial (p=0,037).Conclusión: La disnea es el síntoma respiratorio más frecuente en pacientes mayores de 40 años en Ginebra (Valle del Cauca), el antecedente de tabaquismo se relacionó con tos y sibilancias. La utilización de un cuestionario de síntomas respiratorios puede ser útil para identificar pacientes con riesgo de obstrucción al flujo aéreo cuando se compara con el auto-reporte de enfermedad respiratoria.
Antecedentes e objetivo: a prevalência de sintomas respiratórios principais em Ginebra (Valle del Cauca) é desconhecida. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar a dispneia, tosse, sibilos e expectoração em Ginebra, uma cidade da Colômbia.Métodos: um desenho transversal e uma estratégia aleatória de amostragem de conglomerados foram utilizados para fornecer amostras representativas de adultos com idade> 40 anos. Cada participante foi entrevistado com dois questionários, versão validada em espanhol do Questionário Respiratório Ferris e Questionário de Função Pulmonar (LFQ), sendo este último considerado menor ou igual a 18 pontos com risco de fluxo obstrutivo de ar. A análise foi realizada utilizando software estatístico, tamanho de amostra de 115 indivíduos (prevalência 50%, precisão 10% e porcentagem perdida de 20%), as variáveis quantitativas foram resumidas com freqüências e porcentagens, e as variáveis qualitativas na mediana e intervalo interquartil, a prevalência de Os sintomas respiratórios foram calculados com IC95%, foram realizadas análises exploratórias com variáveis de sintomas respiratórios e antecedentes de exposição.Resultados: 146 participantes, com 2 perdidos, médios de idade 60,5 anos (IQR: 22), 52,1% homens, prevalência de tosse 18,1% (CI95%: 11,8-24,3), expectoração 20, 1% (IC95%: 13,9-27,1), sibilos 28,2% (IC95%: 21,1-35,9), dispnéia 33,3% (CI95%: 25-41), indivíduos com risco de obstrução do fluxo aéreo 19,4% (CI95%: 14,2-28,4). A análise exploratória mostrou relação entre índice do ano da embalagem e tosse (p = 0,008), exposição à fumaça da madeira e tosse (p = 0,008), índice do ano da embalagem e expectoração (p = 0,018), sibilos e exposição ao tabagismo (p = 0,047) dispnéia e doença coronária (p = 0,028) e dispnéia e hipertensão arterial (p = 0,037).Conclusão: a disnea é o sintoma respiratório mais freqüente em Ginebra (Valle del Cauca), o antecedente do tabagismo foi relação com tosse e sibilância. O uso de um questionário de sintomas respiratórios pode ser útil para identificar pacientes com risco de obstrução do fluxo aéreo, quando comparados com o auto-relato de doenças respiratórias.
 
Publisher Universidad Militar Nueva Granada
 
Date 2017-09-25
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/xml
 
Identifier https://revistas.unimilitar.edu.co/index.php/rmed/article/view/3207
10.18359/rmed.3207
 
Source Revista Med; Vol. 25 No. 2 (2017); 42-54
Revista Med; Vol. 25 Núm. 2 (2017); 42-54
1909-7700
0121-5256
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.unimilitar.edu.co/index.php/rmed/article/view/3207/2701
https://revistas.unimilitar.edu.co/index.php/rmed/article/view/3207/2934
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Rights Derechos de autor 2017 Revista Med
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
 

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