MORPHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION (IUGR) PLACENTAS VERSUS NORMAL PLACENTAS IN PREGNANT WOMEN OF DISTRICT RAWALPINDI, PAKISTAN

Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences

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Title MORPHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION (IUGR) PLACENTAS VERSUS NORMAL PLACENTAS IN PREGNANT WOMEN OF DISTRICT RAWALPINDI, PAKISTAN
 
Creator Kiran, Nazma
Aslam, Nadia
Tabassum, Tahira
Kanwal, Saadia
Zia, Tanveer
 
Subject Placenta; Intrauterine growth restriction; Birth weight; Placental villi; Fetal growth; Placental insufficiency.
 
Description Background: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a principal cause of fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The placenta, as a vector for maternal-fetal nutrient and oxygen exchange has major influence on birthweight. The objectives of this study were to compare the placental weight (grams), number of syncytial knots and number of blood vessels in villi of IUGR placentas versus normal placentas.
Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Rai Medical College, Sargodha, Pakistan in collaboration with Zainab Memorial Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from December 2016 to November 2018. Study group included 45 IUGR placentas and control group included 25 normal placentas. Placental weight in grams, number of syncytial knots and number of blood vessels in villi of placentas were three research variables. These were described by mean, minimum, maximum, range and standard deviation for each group separately and were compared between the two groups through independent-samples t-test.
Results: Descriptively the mean placental weight in grams in IUGR group (423.35±64.13g) was lower than control group placentas (535.92±44.57g). The number of syncytial knots in IUGR group placentas (22.04±5.21) was more than control group placentas (13.84±4.41). The number of blood vessels in IUGR placentas was lower than control group placentas. All three null hypothesis for research variables between the two groups were rejected (p=
 
Publisher Gomal Medical College, D.I.Khan, Pakistan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2019-09-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.gjms.com.pk/ojs24/index.php/gjms/article/view/2021
10.46903/gjms/17.03.2021
 
Source Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences; Vol 17, No 3 (2019); 65-69
1997-2067
1819-7973
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.gjms.com.pk/ojs24/index.php/gjms/article/view/2021/1264
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Nazma Kiran, Nadia Aslam, Tahira Tabassum, Saadia Kanwal, Tanveer Zia
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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