REVIEW OF MEDICAL DESCRIPTION OF CERVICAL CYTOLOGY

Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences

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Field Value
 
Title REVIEW OF MEDICAL DESCRIPTION OF CERVICAL CYTOLOGY
 
Creator Naz, Umbreen
Sarwar, Farhan
Sarwar, Muhammad Adnan
Ashraf, Muhammad Mudassar
Zafar, Muhammad Shoaib
Khadam, Muhammad Waqas
 
Subject Cervix; Cervical; Cervical Biopsy; Cervical Cancer; Vaginal Bleeding; CIN, Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia; Cellular Proliferations; Differentiation; Cryotherapy.
 
Description Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervical area or cervix which may present with the vaginal bleeding but symptoms may be absent until the cancer gets in advanced stage. Dysplasia seen on cervical biopsy uses the term cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and is grouped into mild (CIN-1), moderate (CIN-2) and severe (CIN-3). The severity of CIN depends upon cellular disorganization, cellular immaturity, increased mitotic activity and nuclear abnormalities. The nuclear atypia, extent of mitotic activity and immature cellular proliferations identifies the degree of dysplasia. Thus, epithelial thickness which shows differentiation is the useful feature in decision about severity of CIN. Treatment of this cancer may be ablative and/ or excision. Cryotherapy is a reasonable treatment of CIN-1 and CIN-2 but not of CIN-3 which is severe cervical carcinoma. Burning the TZ-transformation zone (Electro diathermy) destroys the tissue more effectively than that of cryotherapy but it usually requires general anesthesia, however laser cold coagulations technique requires local anesthesia usually. Laser TZ Excision compromises the fertility. Knife cone biopsy is used as a preferred treatment for removal of abnormal cervical cells. Now the cone biopsy is generally performed using the laser surgery. Early diagnosis of cervical cancer is very necessary for better control and treatment of it. For early phases of cervical carcinoma, the cryotherapy is very reasonable, however in case of late stage of the disease laser methods are used alone or on combination. Therapy will be termed successful if cytology remains negative after at least six months of its treatment.
 
Publisher Gomal Medical College, D.I.Khan, Pakistan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2019-12-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.gjms.com.pk/ojs24/index.php/gjms/article/view/1998
 
Source 1997-2067
1819-7973
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.gjms.com.pk/ojs24/index.php/gjms/article/view/1998/1319
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Umbreen Naz, Farhan Sarwar, Muhammad Adnan Sarwar, Muhammad Mudassar Ashraf, Muhammad Shoaib Zafar, Muhammad Waqas Khadam
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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