Role of Literacy on Working Status and Income Expenditure Gap among Senior Citizens in Rural & Urban Areas of Mirpurkhas

International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning

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Field Value
 
Title Role of Literacy on Working Status and Income Expenditure Gap among Senior Citizens in Rural & Urban Areas of Mirpurkhas
 
Creator Arbab, Ghulam Qadir
Ram, Nanik
Khawaja, Imdad Ali
 
Description The rapidly increasing population of older people in developed as well developing countries including Pakistan is a serious concern. As a result senior citizens face problems during their latter part of life. In most of the cases, the senior citizens are forced to continue work for their livelihood due to poverty. But due to the lack of conducive working opportunities they face hurdles in getting suitable work. This study was conducted with the main objective to evaluate difference in the working status and income expenditure gap among literate and illiterate senior citizens. Descriptive method was followed to conduct this study and random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. Close ended questionnaire was used to collect data from 385 male and female senior citizens in the rural and urban areas of district Mirpurkhas. The study found that the literate senior citizens were in better position as compared to illiterate senior citizens. Literate senior citizens has comparative advantage over illiterate senior citizens in getting work resultantly got better monthly income level as compared to illiterate senior citizens. Moreover, the current status of health of literate senior citizens was also better as compared to illiterate senior citizens.
Keywords: Senior citizens, older people, income security, living standard, working status, health, income expenditure gap
 
Publisher International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan
 
Date 2020-07-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://irigs.iiu.edu.pk/ojs/index.php/IJITL/article/view/814
10.35993/ijitl.v6i1.814
 
Source International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning (IJITL); Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning; 104-121
2520-0003
2664-2247
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://irigs.iiu.edu.pk/ojs/index.php/IJITL/article/view/814/442
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning (IJITL)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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