Dancing around the Cauldron with Rangda, the Balinese widow-witch: Exploring gender relations and attitudes toward women and children in Southeast Asia

Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

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Title Dancing around the Cauldron with Rangda, the Balinese widow-witch: Exploring gender relations and attitudes toward women and children in Southeast Asia
 
Creator Nadeau, Kathleen
 
Subject Social, Politic, Culture
Aswangs, Balinese child-rearing rituals, cultural identity, gender constructs, witchlore
 
Description By taking a cross-cultural approach based on library research, content analysis, and fieldwork in the Philippines, this paper compares Southeast Asian and European tales. The Southeast Asian tales are rooted in local philosophical and cultural traditions. Balinese literature is replete with descriptions of rituals to ward off vampires. The flying half-bodied Aswangs in the Philippines, like their Malaysian sisterlings, can be shown to bear some resemblance to Balinese witches who culminate in the Rangda, the queen of witches. The Balinese ritual battle between the troubled widow witch Rangda and the gentle Barong offers a circular view of history that arguably holds to a universal notion of good and evil. In contrast, European witch tales can be traced back to the hysterical witch hunts and persecution of female midwives and healers in Medieval times that were perceived as threatening the power and authority of male doctors, priests, and landed government officials. The conclusion is that Southeast Asian lore connotes a different set of gender relations and attitudes toward women and children than European origin.
 
Publisher Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga
 
Contributor
 
Date 2020-11-05
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/19945
10.20473/mkp.V33I42020.364-370
 
Source Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik; Vol 33, No 4 (2020): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik; 364-370
2528-6013
2086-7050
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKP/article/view/19945/12610
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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