REGIMES MILITARES MARXISTAS AFRICANOS, ASCENSÃO E QUEDA: CONDICIONANTES INTERNOS E DIMENSÕES INTERNACIONAIS

Revista Brasileira de Estudos Africanos

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Title REGIMES MILITARES MARXISTAS AFRICANOS, ASCENSÃO E QUEDA: CONDICIONANTES INTERNOS E DIMENSÕES INTERNACIONAIS
AFRICAN MARXIST MILITARY REGIMES, RISE AND FALL: INTERNAL CONDITIONERS AND INTERNATIONAL DIMENSIONS
 
Creator Visentini, Paulo Fagundes
 
Subject Golpes de Estado africanos; Regimes Militares africanos; Marxismo africano
African coups d'état; African military regimes; African Marxism.
 
Description Ao lado das Revoluções decorrentes de longas guerras anticoloniais como Angola, Moçambique, Guiné-Bissau e Zimbábue, desenvolveu-se um elemento inovador, os Golpes Militares de novo tipo, que introduziram regimes revolucionários autodenominados marxistas-leninistas. É o caso da Somália (1969) e da Etiópia (1974), o caso mais emblemático, mas também de quatro países francófonos: Congo-Brazzaville (1968), Daomey/Benin (1972-74), Madagascar (1975) e Alto Volta/Burkina Faso (1983), que estabeleceram Regimes ao longo das décadas de 1970 e 1980. As originais e polêmicas experiências revolucionárias aqui apresentadas, os Regimes Militares Marxistas, são diferentes dos primeiros Estados regidos pelo chamado “Socialismo Africano” logo após a independência, na passagem dos anos 1950 aos 1960: Gana (1957), Guiné (1958), Mali (1960), Tanzânia (1961), Zâmbia (1964) e Argélia (1962).
Alongside the Revolutions resulting from long anti-colonial wars such as Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and Zimbabwe, an innovative element has developed, the Military Coups of a new kind, which have introduced revolutionary regimes called Marxist-Leninist. This is the case of Somalia (1969) and Ethiopia (1974), the most emblematic case, but also of four French-speaking countries: Congo-Brazzaville (1968), Daomey/Benin (1972-74), Madagascar (1975) and Alto Volta/Burkina Faso (1983), which established Regimes throughout the 1970s and 1980s. The original and controversial revolutionary experiences presented here, the Marxist Military Regimes, are different from the first states ruled by the so-called "African Socialism" just after independence, in the passage from 1950 to 1960: Ghana (1957), Guinea (1958), Mali (1960), Tanzania (1961), Zambia (1964) and Algeria (1962). 
 
Publisher UFRGS
 
Contributor

 
Date 2020-10-19
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
application/pdf
 
Identifier https://seer.ufrgs.br/rbea/article/view/97061
10.22456/2448-3923.97061
 
Source Brazilian Journal of African Studies; v. 5, n. 9 (2020): Revista Brasileira de Estudos Africanos
Revista Brasileira de Estudos Africanos; v. 5, n. 9 (2020): Revista Brasileira de Estudos Africanos
2448-3923
 
Language eng
por
 
Relation https://seer.ufrgs.br/rbea/article/view/97061/58862
https://seer.ufrgs.br/rbea/article/view/97061/58863
 
Rights Direitos autorais 2020 Revista Brasileira de Estudos Africanos
 

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