Relationship between Hospitalization and Stress Levels of School-Age Children in Inpatient Unit at Koja Hospital, North Jakarta

Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian

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Title Relationship between Hospitalization and Stress Levels of School-Age Children in Inpatient Unit at Koja Hospital, North Jakarta
Hubungan Hospitalisasi dengan Tingkat Stres pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Unit Rawat Inap RSUD Koja Jakarta Utara
Creator Sitorus, Maryati
Utami, Tuti Asrianti
Prabawati, Fransiska Dewi
Subject Length of stay
Experience of care
Play therapy
Child, Hospitalized
Pengalaman rawat
Terapi bermain
Rawat inap
Lama rawat
Child, Hospitalized
Description Hospitalization stress is a reaction that children face in a new setting during the hospital care process. Children admitted to hospital face a crisis in improving their health and environmental status. The purpose of this study is to establish the relationship between hospitalization and stress levels in school-aged children in the hospital room. The study was performed in January-February 2020 at Koja North Jakarta Hospital, with 78 respondents. The research method is a descriptive association with a cross-section approach. Data collection using the DAS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scales) questionnaire. The findings revealed that of the 78 respondents, there were 13 children with mild stress (16.7%), 51 children with moderate stress (65.4%) and 14 children with high stress (17.9%) during hospitalization. Results of statistical analyses using chi-square and Kendal tau C showed a relationship between gender (p-value 0.025) and duration of stay (p-value 0.013) and child stress levels during hospitalization. There was no association between the experience of being treated with stress during hospitalization (p-value 0.562). The level of stress in children during hospitalization is affected by gender and duration of stay.
Stres hospitalisasi adalah reaksi yang dihadapi anak dengan lingkungan asing selama proses perawatan di Rumah Sakit. Anak yang dirawat di rumah sakit mengalami krisis perubahan status kesehatan dan lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui adanya hubungan hospitalisasi dengan tingkat stres pada anak usia sekolah di ruang rawat inap. Penelitian dilakukan pada Januari-Februari 2020 di Rumah Sakit Koja Jakarta Utara dengan 78 responden. Metode penelitian deskriftif korelasi dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner DAAS (Depression Anxety Stress Scales). Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa dari 78 responden terdapat anak yang mengalami tingkat stres ringan 13 anak (16,7%), tingkat stres sedang 51 anak (65,4%) dan tingkat stres tinggi 14 anak (17,9%) selama hospitalisasi. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan chi square dan Kendal tau C ditemukan adanya hubungan antara jenis kelamin (p-value 0,025) dan lama dirawat (p-value 0,013) dengan tingkat stres anak selama hospitalisasi. Tidak adanya hubungan antara pengalaman dirawat dengan tingkat stres selama hospitalisasi (p-value 0,562). Sebagai kesimpulan bahwa tingkat stres pada anak selama hospitalisasi dipengaruhi oleh jenis kelamin dan lama dirawat.
Publisher Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari
Date 2021-03-29
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-Reviewed Article
Artikel Reviu Komunitas
Format application/pdf
Source Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol. 12 No. 2 (2020): Juli-Desember; 152-160
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol 12 No 2 (2020): Juli-Desember; 152-160
Language ind
Rights Hak Cipta (c) 2020 Maryati Sitorus, Tuti Asrianti Utami, Fransiska Dewi Prabawati

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