Sikap Kritis terhadap Kekuasaan dalam Tradisi Calvinist: Sebuah Kajian Historis-Teologis Tentang Kekritisan Gereja terhadap Pemerintah untuk Mewujudkan Regnum Christi: Critical Attitude Toward The State In Calvinist Tradition: A Historical Discourse About Church Criticism To The Goverment To Build Regnum Christi

Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat

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Title Sikap Kritis terhadap Kekuasaan dalam Tradisi Calvinist: Sebuah Kajian Historis-Teologis Tentang Kekritisan Gereja terhadap Pemerintah untuk Mewujudkan Regnum Christi: Critical Attitude Toward The State In Calvinist Tradition: A Historical Discourse About Church Criticism To The Goverment To Build Regnum Christi
 
Creator Rahadian, Suarbudaya
Fallderama, Fially
 
Description Protestant political theology believes the government is God’s vice in this world therefore has a legitimation to manage all aspect of human life. This conviction affected Protestants to unquestioningly obeyed the goverment. On the other hand the doctrine of the fall in Reformed tradition, believes that all aspect of creation has fall short of glory, consequently, the government as a part of creation could also fell into corruption. For this reason, a long-standing of Calvinist tradition has a lot of theological resourcement to be critical-constructive to authority. This paper tries to dig John Calvin’s theological treatises from his early writing and seminal works through historical theology method, to find Calvin’s basic idea about the critical nature of church-goverment relationship. The excavation from Calvin’s early writing in this paper prospecfully would give critical and analytical tools to undertand ethical relation between church and government in Indonesia context. Keywords:political theology; calvinism; historical theology; critical attitude; government.
Teologi politik Protestan meyakini bahwa pemerintah adalah wakil Allah di dunia yang memiliki legitimasi untuk menata berbagai segi kehidupan manusia. Dampak dari pemahaman ini menghasilkan pandangan di kalan-gan umat Protestan bahwa pemerintah mesti ditaati secara mutlak oleh gereja. Padahal pada sisi lain tradisi teologi Reformed meyakini teologi kejatuhan. Sebagaimana semua aspek kehidupan telah jatuh dalam dosa,pemerintah juga dapat jatuh ke dalam kelaliman. Maka selain sikap kon-formis, tradisi Calvinist juga memiliki sumber-sumber teologis untuk bersikap kritis terhadap kekuasaan. Tulisan ini berupaya melakukan peng-galian pemikiran teologi politik Calvinist melalui metode teologis-historis untuk menemukan akar-akar pemikiran John Calvin tentang relasi kritis gereja dengan kekuasaan. Ekskavasi pemikiran John Calvin dari tulisan-tu-lisan primernya diharapkan dapat memberi sumber daya teologis untuk memberikan perangkat analisis kritis serta landasan etis dalam memahami relasi gereja dengan pemerintah di Indonesia.
Kata-kata kunci: teologi politik; calvinism; teologi historis; sikap kritis; pemerintah.
 
Publisher Reformed Center for Religion and Society
 
Date 2020-10-19
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://societasdei.rcrs.org/index.php/SD/article/view/173
10.33550/sd.v7i2.173
 
Source Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat; Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): Virus: Sebuah Diskursus; 219-244
2599-3267
2407-0556
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://societasdei.rcrs.org/index.php/SD/article/view/173/108
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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