Amica Censura: Pemikiran Nicholas Cusanus Tentang Agama-Agama, Sebuah Refleksi dan Aplikasi Terhadap Konflik Antaragama di Indonesia: Amica Censura: The Thoughts Of Nicholas Cusanus About Religions,A Reflection And Application Towards Interreligious Conflict In Indonesia

Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat

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Title Amica Censura: Pemikiran Nicholas Cusanus Tentang Agama-Agama, Sebuah Refleksi dan Aplikasi Terhadap Konflik Antaragama di Indonesia: Amica Censura: The Thoughts Of Nicholas Cusanus About Religions,A Reflection And Application Towards Interreligious Conflict In Indonesia
 
Creator Layantara, Jessica Novia
 
Description Interreligious conflicts often occur in Indonesia, a country with various beliefs and religions. In this article, I approach these conflicts using the thoughts of Nicholas Cusanus, a medieval Catholic thinker who also faced interreligious conflict of his time, the Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Turks. I analyze Cusanus‘ thought about religions in his works, De Pace Fidei and Cribratio Alkorani, which prove that Cusanus position on other religions is in the midst of exclusivism and pluralism. Afterwards, I will suggest reflection and application based on: 1. Interpretation of the work of Cusanus De Pace Fidei and Cribratio Alkorani, 2. Contextualizing the interpretation with interreligious conflict in Indonesia, appreciatively and critically. There are three points of reflection and application in this article: 1. A non-violent approach to other religions, 2. Sensitivity to political interests in interreligious conflict, 3. Initiates friendly and open dialogue between religions, and 4. Increase active tolerance that breaks down the dividing walls.
Keywords: Nicholas Cusanus; pluralism; exclusivism; inclusivism; interreligious conflict.
Konflik antaragama merupakan konflik yang sering terjadi di Indonesia, di mana masyarakatnya menganut beragam kepercayaan. Dalam artikel ini, konflik antaragama didekati menggunakan pemikiran Nicholas Cusanus, seorang pemikir Katolik pada Abad Pertengahan, yang juga menghadapi konflik antaragama sehubungan dengan jatuhnya Konstantinopel ke tan-gan Ottoman Turki. Artikel ini menganalisis pemikiran Cusanus mengenai agama-agama lain dalam karyanya: De Pace Fidei dan Cribratio Alkorani. Dari analisis tersebut, dapat ditarik sebuah tesis bahwa posisi Cusanus berada di tengah-tengah eksklusivisme dan pluralisme, yang pada akhirnya melahir-kan refleksi dan aplikasi, bagi konflik antaragama di Indonesia. Refleksi dan aplikasi ini dibentuk berdasarkan: 1. Interpretasi terhadap karya Cusanus De Pace Fidei dan Cribratio Alkorani, 2. Kontekstualisasi interpretasi secara apresiatif dan kritis terhadap konflik antaragama di Indonesia. Tiga poin refleksi dan aplikasi yang diambil dari pemikiran Cusanus menghadapi konflik antaragama antara lain: 1. Pendekatan antikekerasan, 2. Kepekaan terhadap kepentingan politik, 3. Inisiasi dialog antaragama yang bersahabat dan terbuka, dan 4. Peningkatan toleransi antaragama secara aktif yang berusaha meruntuhkan tembok-tembok pemisah.Kata-kata kunci:Nicholas Cusanus; pluralisme; eksklusivisme; inklusivisme; konflik antaragama.
 
Publisher Reformed Center for Religion and Society
 
Date 2020-10-19
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://societasdei.rcrs.org/index.php/SD/article/view/165
10.33550/sd.v7i2.165
 
Source Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat; Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): Virus: Sebuah Diskursus; 149-172
2599-3267
2407-0556
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://societasdei.rcrs.org/index.php/SD/article/view/165/110
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Societas Dei: Jurnal Agama dan Masyarakat
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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