Design and Performance Evaluation of Micro-Irrigation in Haruku Island, Maluku

Jurnal Irigasi

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Title Design and Performance Evaluation of Micro-Irrigation in Haruku Island, Maluku
Rancang Bangun dan Evaluasi Kinerja Irigasi Mikro di Pulau Haruku, Maluku
 
Creator Rahmandani, Dadan
Sofiyuddin, Hanhan Ahmad
Adiana, Ratna
Indarta, Abid Hendri
Tuasikal, Hayatuddin
 
Subject water saving irrigation, micro irrigation, Haruku Island, irrigation network, performance
irigasi hemat air, irigasi mikro, Pulau Haruku, jaringan irigasi, kinerja
 
Description The development of irrigated agricultural land on small islands faces many obstacles due to the very limited water availability. The development of irrigated land is often constrained by the relatively high need for water for agricultural land, resulting in competition with domestic water needs. Thus, the development of irrigated land needs to be carried out by applying water-efficient irrigation technologies such as micro irrigation. The research was conducted to test and identify the impact of applying micro irrigation technology on small islands. The research was conducted conditions in Haruku Island, Central Maluku through testing the application and measurement of network performance. The results of the application showed that network installation, irrigation operations, fertilization work, pest control and weeding on the application of micro irrigation were easier and faster. Conventional irrigation using watering pot requires a long time and a lot of labor to meet the water needs of plants. Thus, at the research location, water needs could not be fulfilled by nearly 47% of the period during the growing season and crop production was not optimal. Another case with micro irrigation where water can be given at the right volume and time. Soil moisture can be maintained at optimum levels through short irrigation intervals and of longer duration. From the socio-economic aspect, there is a good performance in the economic aspect of the farmers, which is shown by an increase in income and being able to set aside a portion of their income for savings. Meanwhile, from the social aspect, the application of micro irrigation technology is required by farmers on Haruku Island. These results indicate that micro irrigation could be an alternative technology to support the management of water resources in small islands, especially on Haruku Island.The development of irrigated agricultural land on small islands faces many obstacles due to the very limited water availability. The development of irrigated land is often constrained by the relatively high need for water for agricultural land, resulting in competition with domestic water needs. Thus, the development of irrigated land needs to be carried out by applying water-efficient irrigation technologies such as micro irrigation. The research was conducted to test and identify the impact of applying micro irrigation technology on small islands. The research was conducted conditions in Haruku Island, Central Maluku through testing the application and measurement of network performance. The results of the application showed that network installation, irrigation operations, fertilization work, pest control and weeding on the application of micro irrigation were easier and faster. Conventional irrigation using watering pot requires a long time and a lot of labor to meet the water needs of plants. Thus, at the research location, water needs could not be fulfilled by nearly 47% of the period during the growing season and crop production was not optimal. Another case with micro irrigation where water can be given at the right volume and time. Soil moisture can be maintained at optimum levels through short irrigation intervals and of longer duration. From the socio-economic aspect, there is a good performance in the economic aspect of the farmers, which is shown by an increase in income and being able to set aside a portion of their income for savings. Meanwhile, from the social aspect, the application of micro irrigation technology is required by farmers on Haruku Island. These results indicate that micro irrigation could be an alternative technology to support the management of water resources in small islands, especially on Haruku Island.
Pengembangan lahan pertanian beririgasi di pulau-pulau kecil banyak mengalami kendala karena ketersediaan air yang sangat terbatas. Pengembangan lahan beririgasi sering terkendala kebutuhan air untuk lahan pertanian yang relatif tinggi sehingga terjadi kompetisi penggunaan air dengan kebutuhan domestik. Dengan demikian, pengembangan lahan beririgasi perlu dilakukan dengan menerapkan teknologi irigasi hemat air seperti irigasi mikro. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengujicoba dan mengidentifikasi dampak penerapan teknologi irigasi mikro di pulau kecil. Penelitian dilakukan di Pulau Haruku, Maluku Tengah melalui uji coba penerapan dan pengukuran kondisi kinerja jaringan. Hasil uji penerapan menunjukkan bahwa pemasangan jaringan, operasi irigasi, pekerjaan pemupukan, pemberantasan hama, dan penyiangan pada penerapan irigasi mikro lebih mudah dan lebih cepat. Irigasi konvensional dengan sistem kocor memerlukan waktu yang lama dan tenaga kerja yang banyak untuk memenuhi kebutuhan air tanaman. Dengan demikian di lokasi penelitian, kebutuhan air tidak dapat dipenuhi hampir 47% periode selama musim tanam dan produksi tanaman tidak optimal. Lain halnya dengan irigasi mikro dimana pemberian air dapat dilakukan pada volume dan waktu yang tepat. Lengas tanah dapat dipertahankan pada kadar yang optimum melalui interval irigasi yang pendek dan durasi yang lebih lama. Dari aspek sosial ekonomi, terjadi performa yang baik pada aspek ekonomi para petani yang ditunjukkan dengan kenaikan penghasilan serta dapat menyisihkan sebagian penghasilannya untuk ditabung. Sedangkan dari aspek sosial, penerapan teknologi irigasi mikro sangat dibutuhkan oleh petani di Pulau Haruku. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa irigasi mikro dapat menjadi alternatif teknologi untuk mendukung pengelolaan sumber daya air di pulau kecil khususnya di Pulau Haruku.
 
Publisher Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Irigasi
 
Contributor
Balai Litbang Irigasi, Pusat Litbang Sumber Daya Air, Badan Litbang PU
 
Date 2020-10-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnalirigasi_pusair.pu.go.id/index.php/jurnal_irigasi/article/view/287
10.31028/ji.v15.i1.31-44
 
Source Jurnal Irigasi; Vol 15, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Irigasi; 31-44
Jurnal Irigasi; Vol 15, No 1 (2020): Jurnal Irigasi; 31-44
2615-4277
1907-5545
 
Language ind
 
Relation http://jurnalirigasi_pusair.pu.go.id/index.php/jurnal_irigasi/article/view/287/382
 
Rights Hak Cipta (c) 2020 Jurnal Irigasi
 

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