Pembuatan Biogas dari Limbah Cair Tahu Menggunakan Bakteri Indigeneous

Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Pembuatan Biogas dari Limbah Cair Tahu Menggunakan Bakteri Indigeneous
 
Creator Prayitno, Prayitno
Rulianah, Sri
Nurmahdi, Hilman
 
Subject
anaerobic; biogas; digester; fermentation; indigenous; starter
wastewater treatment
 
Description Air limbah tahu merupakan bahan pencemar apabila dibuang ke lingkungan perairan karena dapat menimbulkan bau busuk, penyakit dan menurunkan konsentrasi oksigen terlarut. Pada sisi lain, air limbah tahu dapat digunakan sebagai sumber energi alternatif yaitu biogas. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh waktu fermentasi, volume substrat dan waktu pengadukan terhadap produksi biogas dan gas metana. Variabel yang digunakan dalam percobaan, antara lain: volume starter (10%, 20%, 30% dan 40% (v/v)); waktu pengadukan (1 hari, 7 hari, dan 14 hari), waktu fermentasi (5 hari, 10 hari, 15 hari, 20 hari, dan 25 hari). Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan digester yang memiliki volume 50 liter yang diisi dengan starter berupa bakteri indigeneous dan limbah cair tahu pada persen volume tertentu. Selanjutnya  digester dialiri gas N2 hingga digester berada pada kondisi anaerobik kemudian dilakukan pengadukan (1 hari, 7 hari, 14 hari) atau  tanpa pengadukan. Pada setiap 5 hari hingga 25 hari dilakukan pengambilan sampel dan pengukuran volume biogas dan gas metana (CH4) yang dihasilkan menggunakan alat gas analyzer. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa volume biogas dan gas metana terbanyak dihasilkan pada waktu fermentasi 20 hari, dengan pengadukan 14 hari, dan volume starter 30% dapat menghasilkan biogas dan gas metana (CH4) masing – masing sebesar 5.000 ml dan 540 ml.Tofu wastewater is a pollutant when discharged into the aquatic environment because it can cause foul odors, diseases and reduce the concentration of dissolved oxygen. On the other hand, tofu wastewater can be used as an alternative energy source, namely biogas. The study aims to determine the effect of fermentation time, starter volume and stirring time on biogas and methane gas production. Variables used in the experiment included: volume of starter (10, 20, 30, and 40% (v/v)); stirring time (1, 7, and 14 days), fermentation time (5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 days). The research was conducted using a digester that has a volume of 50 liters filled with starter as much as 10, 20, 30 and 40% (v/v). Then the digester is flowed with N2 gas until the digester is in anaerobic condition then stirring (1, 7, and 14 days) or without stirring. Every 5 days to 25 days a sample is taken and the amount of biogas and methane gas (CH4) produced is measured directly using a gas analyzer. The experimental results show that the highest volume of biogas and methane gas produced during fermentation time of 20 days, with a stirring of 14 days, and a volume of starter of 30% which can produce biogas and methane gas (CH4) respectively of 5,000 ml and and 540 ml.
 
Publisher Politeknik Negeri Malang
 
Contributor state polytechnic of malang
 
Date 2020-10-02
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jtkl.polinema.ac.id/index.php/jtkl/article/view/141
10.33795/jtkl.v4i2.141
 
Source Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan; Vol 4, No 2 (2020): October 2020; 90-95
2579-9746
2579-8537
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jtkl.polinema.ac.id/index.php/jtkl/article/view/141/pdf
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Prayitno Prayitno, Sri Rulianah, Hilman Nurmahdi
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library