Assessment of Toxic and Essential Trace Metals in Unwana Borehole Water in Afikpo North, Ebonyi State

Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences

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Title Assessment of Toxic and Essential Trace Metals in Unwana Borehole Water in Afikpo North, Ebonyi State
Creator Ndukwe, M. K.
Igara, C. E.
Idara, A. E.
Description Water samples labeled A, B, C, D and E from five different boreholes in Unwana were analyzed to assess the level of toxicity and essential trace elements present. The results obtained showed slight variation in temperature for all the samples, having sample B, recording the highest values of 28oC. As for pH, sample B recorded a pH of 6.58 which lies within the limits recommended by WHO. For the trace metals, Cd(II), Pb(II), Ni(II), Cr(III) and Zn(II) were present in all the five samples. Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cr(III) concentrations in mg.L-1 exceeded  the WHO maximum allowed contaminant limit in all the five samples except for Zn (II) that recorded values in all the five samples that were  within the maximum allowed contaminant limit proposed by WHO. From the results obtained therefore, it is evident that some toxic trace elements were present beyond acceptable limits making the borehole water unfit for human consumption and hence will require treatments.
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN international
Date 2020-09-16
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences; 2020 - Volume 8 [Issue 3]; 19-24
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 © 2020 Ndukwe et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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