The effect of fixed orthodontic treatment with Edgewise and Straightwire techniques on white spot lesions incidence and accumulation of Streptococcus mutans bacteria

Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

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Title The effect of fixed orthodontic treatment with Edgewise and Straightwire techniques on white spot lesions incidence and accumulation of Streptococcus mutans bacteria
 
Creator Maharani, Elfira
Karunia, Dyah
Pudyani, Pinandi Sri
 
Subject Fixed orthodontic treatment; Edgewise technique; Straightwire technique; white spot lesions; S. mutans bacteria
 
Description Background: Fixed orthodontic appliances, such as Edgewise and Straightwire techniques, can increase the amount of plaque retention containing Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), which can lead to white spot lesions. Purpose: The aim of this study is to analyse the correlation of fixed orthodontic treatment with Edgewise and Straightwire techniques on the incidence of white spot lesions and accumulation of S. mutans. Methods: The samples consisted of three groups: control group (n=8), Edgewise technique group, and Straightwire technique group. We observed the samples at the sixth month and eighth month of the treatment, after the installation of the fixed orthodontic appliances. The observation of white spot lesions with caries detector was applied in all regions. Bacterial swabs were acquired in the lateral incisor region, then a bacterial culture procedure was carried out on selective media of S. mutans, and then a bacterial count was performed. The data was analysed using two-way ANOVA, the post-hoc least square differences test, and the Pearson’s correlation test. Results: The number of white spot lesions in the Edgewise group was higher than in the Straightwire group in the sixth and eighth month of treatment with insignificant difference (p>0.05). The number of S. mutans bacteria increased in all groups, but there were no significant differences (p>0.05). There was no significant relationship between the number of white spot lesions with the accumulation of S. mutans between groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: The Edgewise and Straightwire techniques increase the incidence of white spot lesions but accumulation of S. mutans with the incidence of white spot lesions has no relationship.
 
Publisher Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga https://fkg.unair.ac.id/en
 
Contributor
 
Date 2020-09-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKG/article/view/20991
10.20473/j.djmkg.v53.i3.p170-174
 
Source Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi); Vol 53, No 3 (2020): (September 2020); 170-174
2442-9740
1978-3728
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKG/article/view/20991/12076
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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