The correlation between dental caries and serum iron (Fe) levels in female students of Mamba’ul Khoiriyatil Islamiyah (MHI) Madrasa in Jember, East Java, Indonesia

Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

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Title The correlation between dental caries and serum iron (Fe) levels in female students of Mamba’ul Khoiriyatil Islamiyah (MHI) Madrasa in Jember, East Java, Indonesia
 
Creator Yani, Ristya Widi Endah
Bramantoro, Taufan
Wahyuningtyas, Farida
Islaamy, Talitha Zulis
 
Subject dental caries; iron-deficiency; students
 
Description Background: Dental caries may cause discomfort and pain when chewing food, which in turn leads to insufficient absorption of nutrients, including iron, by the body. Lack of iron intake can cause iron-deficiency anaemia. Iron deficiency may also decrease salivary secretion and buffer capacity due to reduced salivary gland function, which may lead to dental caries. Purpose: This study aims to analyse the correlation between dental caries and serum iron (Fe) levels in the students of Mamba’ul Khoiriyati Islamiyah (MHI) Madrasa Aliyah in Bangsalsari Jember. Methods: Out of 71 students aged 15-18 years, 24 students were examined for caries with the DMF-T index and blood samples were also collected using the phlebotomy technique to assess the serum iron (Fe) level in µg/dL. The data were analysed using the Spearman’s correlation test (α = 0.05). Results: The average DMF-T score was high (7 ± 3.4) and the average serum iron (Fe) level was below normal (38 ± 11.5 µg/dL). The Spearman’s correlation test for dental caries and serum iron (Fe) levels showed significant results (p <0.05). Conclusion: The occurrence of dental caries correlates with serum iron (Fe) levels. The higher the level of serum iron (Fe), the lower the level of dental caries.
 
Publisher Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga https://fkg.unair.ac.id/en
 
Contributor
 
Date 2020-09-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKG/article/view/21132
10.20473/j.djmkg.v53.i3.p153-158
 
Source Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi); Vol 53, No 3 (2020): September 2020; 153-158
2442-9740
1978-3728
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://e-journal.unair.ac.id/MKG/article/view/21132/12074
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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