Extraction of mandarin (citrus reticulata) and palo santo (Bursera Graveolens) essential oils by the vapor drawing method: Investigation article

Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación

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Title Extraction of mandarin (citrus reticulata) and palo santo (Bursera Graveolens) essential oils by the vapor drawing method: Investigation article
Extracción de aceites esenciales de mandarina (citrus reticulata) y palo santo (Bursera Graveolens) por el método de arrastre de vapor: Artículo de investigación
 
Creator Briones-Sornoza, Henry Ricardo
Guerrero-Intriago, Dumar Andrés
 
Subject aceite esencial
arrastre de vapor
diseño
extracción
mandarina
palo santo
essential oil
steam entrainment
design
extraction
tangerine
palo santo
 
Description Essential oils are volatile liquid fractions, several are homogeneous mixtures of up to 100 organic chemical compounds, which are the products of plant material from waste. The objective of this work is to extract essential oils from palo santo and tangerine using the steam drag extraction method, for which purpose, the design and construction and experimentation of a bank-scale team, implementation of analysis and fundamentals of engineering from different bibliographic sources. The tests that are in the equipment designed for the distillation by steam dragging on a bench scale presented as results yields with the palo santo of 2.7985% and 4.3425%, however, the tangerine peel obtained a yield of 0.0816%, which indicating a very low result compared to palo santo, however, compared to other bibliographic sources, the extraction of tangerine oil obtained a higher yield.
Keywords: essential oil, steam entrainment, design, extraction, tangerine, palo santo.
Los aceites esenciales son fracciones líquidas volátiles, generalmente son mezclas homogéneas de hasta 100 compuestos químicos orgánicos, que se obtienen del material vegetal proveniente de los desechos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo extraer aceites esenciales de palo santo y de mandarina mediante el método de extracción por arrastre de vapor, para lo cual, se realizó el diseño, construcción y experimentación de un equipo a escala banco, implementando cálculos y fundamentos ingenieriles obtenidos de diferentes fuentes bibliográficas. Las pruebas que se realizaron en el equipo diseñado para la destilación por arrastre de vapor a escala banco presentaron los siguientes resultados: palo santo con rendimientos del 2,7985% y de 4,3425%, mientras que, la cáscara de mandarina obtuvo un rendimiento de 0,0816%, lo cual indica un resultado muy bajo en comparación al palo santo; sin embargo, comparado con otras investigaciones la extracción de aceite de mandarina obtuvo un mayor rendimiento.
Palabras clave: aceite esencial, arrastre de vapor, diseño, extracción, mandarina, palo santo.
Abstract
Essential oils are volatile liquid fractions, several are homogeneous mixtures of up to 100 organic chemical compounds, which are the products of plant material from waste. The objective of this work is to extract essential oils from palo santo and tangerine using the steam drag extraction method, for which purpose, the design and construction and experimentation of a bank-scale team, implementation of analysis and fundamentals of engineering from different bibliographic sources. The tests that are in the equipment designed for the distillation by steam dragging on a bench scale presented as results yields with the palo santo of 2.7985% and 4.3425%, however, the tangerine peel obtained a yield of 0.0816%, which indicating a very low result compared to palo santo, however, compared to other bibliographic sources, the extraction of tangerine oil obtained a higher yield.
Keywords: essential oil, steam entrainment, design, extraction, tangerine, palo santo.
Información del manuscrito:Fecha de recepción: 25 de octubre de 2018Fecha de aceptación: 17 de diciembre de 2018Fecha de publicación: 10 de enero de 2019
 
Publisher IBKNORGCORP S.A.
 
Date 2019-01-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Artículo revisado por pares
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
 
Identifier https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/12
10.46296/ig.v2i3.0007
 
Source Scientific Journal INGENIAR: Engineering, Technology and Research; Vol. 2 No. 3 (2019): INGENIAR Scientific Journal: Engineering, Technology and Research; 14-23
Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación. ISSN: 2737-6249.; Vol. 2 Núm. 3 (2019): Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación; 14-23
2737-6249
10.46296/ig.v2i3
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/12/25
https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/12/26
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2019 Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación. ISSN: 2737-6249.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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