Optimization of the process for discharging crude palm oil in the extractors in zone 4 of Ecuador: Investigation article

Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación

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Title Optimization of the process for discharging crude palm oil in the extractors in zone 4 of Ecuador: Investigation article
Optimización del proceso de descarga de aceite crudo de palma en las extractoras de la zona 4 del Ecuador: Artículo de investigación
 
Creator Andrade-Bastidas, Paulo
 
Subject extractoras
aceite crudo
tanqueros
descargas
calentamiento
extractors
crude oil
tankers
discharges
heating
 
Description Currently, companies that process oilseed products use raw palm as their main raw material, from which RBD palm, olein, stearin, fatty acids, among others, are derived. Which is why the extractors that cover Zone 4 of Ecuador have a great demand in the sale of this product, whose transportation is carried out by tankers. However, the delivery of this product generates inconveniences, because the product must be kept warm during storage in the tankers to avoid losses due to solidification of the product. The latter causes the extraction company to suffer an economic loss. This amount does not affect customers, since they cancel the value for the amount they receive, but it does affect the extractors because they earn financially for the amount delivered. Based on this analysis, an experimental design was carried out to determine and quantify the monthly amounts of product not downloaded and what it represents in money. A proposal is put forward in this work so that the tankers have an internal heating system (coil), and this can allow the product to be ready for unloading, thus achieving a greater use of the delivered product.
Keywords: extractors, crude oil, tankers, discharges, heating.
En la actualidad, las empresas que procesan productos oleaginosos utilizan como materia prima principal la Palma cruda, de la cual se derivan la Palma RBD, oleína, estearina, ácidos grasos, entre otros. Razón por la cual las extractoras que cubren la Zona 4 del Ecuador tienen una gran demanda en la venta de este producto, cuya transportación se realiza mediante tanqueros. No obstante, la entrega de este producto genera inconvenientes, debido a que el producto debe mantenerse caliente durante su almacenamiento en los tanqueros para evitar las pérdidas por solidificación del producto. Esto último hace que la empresa extractora sufra una pérdida económica. Esta cantidad no afecta a los clientes, ya que cancelan el valor por la cantidad que reciben, pero sí afecta a las extractoras porque ellas ganan económicamente por la cantidad entregada. Basándonos en este análisis se realizó un diseño experimental para poder determinar y cuantificar las cantidades mensuales de producto no descargado y lo que representa en dinero. Se plantea en este trabajo una propuesta para que los tanqueros tengan un sistema interno de calentamiento (serpentín), y este pueda permitir que el producto esté listo para las descargas, logrando así un mayor aprovechamiento del producto entregado.
Palabras clave: extractoras, aceite crudo, tanqueros, descargas, calentamiento.
Abstract
Currently, companies that process oilseed products use raw palm as their main raw material, from which RBD palm, olein, stearin, fatty acids, among others, are derived. Which is why the extractors that cover Zone 4 of Ecuador have a great demand in the sale of this product, whose transportation is carried out by tankers. However, the delivery of this product generates inconveniences, because the product must be kept warm during storage in the tankers to avoid losses due to solidification of the product. The latter causes the extraction company to suffer an economic loss. This amount does not affect customers, since they cancel the value for the amount they receive, but it does affect the extractors because they earn financially for the amount delivered. Based on this analysis, an experimental design was carried out to determine and quantify the monthly amounts of product not downloaded and what it represents in money. A proposal is put forward in this work so that the tankers have an internal heating system (coil), and this can allow the product to be ready for unloading, thus achieving a greater use of the delivered product.
Keywords: extractors, crude oil, tankers, discharges, heating.
Información del manuscrito:Fecha de recepción: 11 de septiembre de 2017Fecha de aceptación: 20 de diciembre de 2017Fecha de publicación: 10 de enero de 2018
 
Publisher IBKNORGCORP S.A.
 
Date 2018-01-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Artículo revisado por pares
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
 
Identifier https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/7
10.46296/ig.v1i1.0002
 
Source Scientific Journal INGENIAR: Engineering, Technology and Research; Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018): INGENIAR Scientific Journal: Engineering, Technology and Research; 17-27
Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación. ISSN: 2737-6249.; Vol. 1 Núm. 1 (2018): Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación; 17-27
2737-6249
10.46296/ig.v1i1
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/7/15
https://journalingeniar.org/index.php/ingeniar/article/view/7/16
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2018 Revista Científica INGENIAR: Ingeniería, Tecnología e Investigación. ISSN: 2737-6249.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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