Identification and Acidity Tolerance of Pepper Indigenous Mesofauna for Pepper Seedling Growth (Piper nigrum L.)

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title Identification and Acidity Tolerance of Pepper Indigenous Mesofauna for Pepper Seedling Growth (Piper nigrum L.)
Identifikasi dan Toleransi Kemasaman Mesofauna Indigenous Tanaman Lada untuk Pertumbuhan Bibit Lada (Piper nigrum L.)
 
Creator Santi, Ratna
Gusmaini, Gusmaini
Sarwendah, Mamik
 
Description Low soil fertility in Bangka becomes the main problem in permanent pattern of pepper cultivation. Utilization of micro and mesofauna plays a role in the decomposition of organic matter, improving soil structure, recycling of nutrients and reducing nutrient loss. This study aims to identify the potential of mesophuna isolation under the stand of pepper in stimulating the growth pepper seedlings. The initial stage of the activity is the identification and analysis of the abundance of mesofauna soil samples taken from South Bangka production centers of pepper plants. The potential tolerance of mesofauna acidity by growing pot system nursery pepper at different media acidity levels. The results showed that mesofauna obtained from Acari and Collembola species from Neanuridae family, Hypogastruridae, Entomobrydae, Sminthuridae, Cypoderidae, Mesotigmata. Based on tolerance to mesophyroid pH identified in this study are indifferent groups living on acid and alkaline pH conditions. Mesofauna can improve soil fertility as indicated by an increasing C-organic content, macro nutrients P, K, soil pH and soil aeration. Increasing macro nutrients and improving soil porosity of the planting media will stimulate root development and growth of nursery pepper.
Rendahnya kesuburan tanah di Bangka menjadi permasalahan utama dalam pola budidaya lada secara menetap. Pemanfaatan mikro dan mesofauna berperan dalam dekomposisi bahan organik, memperbaiki struktur tanah, daur ulang hara dan mengurangi kehilangan hara. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi potensi mesofauna isolasi dibawah tegakan lada dalam memacu pertumbuhan bibit lada. Tahapan awal kegiatan yaitu identifikasi dan analisis kelimpahan mesofauna contoh tanah yang diambil dari Bangka induk dan Bangka Selatan sebagai sentra produksi tanaman lada. Uji potensi toleransi kemasaman mesofauna dengan menumbuhkan bibit lada secara pot sistem pada tingkat kemasaman media yang berbeda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan mesofauna yang diperoleh jenis Acari dan Collembola dari famili Neanuridae, Isotomidae, Hypogastruridae, Entomobrydae, Sminthuridae, Mesotigmata, Cyphoderidae. Berdasarkan toleransi terhadap pH mesofauna yang teridentifikasi adalah golongan indifferen yang hidup pada kondisi asam dan basa. Mesofauna mampu memperbaiki kesuburan tanah ditunjukkan dengan meningkatnya kandungan C-organik, hara makro P, K, pH tanah dan aerasi tanah. Perbaikan kimia tanah dan porositas tanah akan memacu perkembangan akar dan pertumbuhan bibit lada.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2020-09-03
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/122
10.33019/agrosainstek.v4i2.122
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 4 No 2 (2020): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 85-94
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 4 No 2 (2020): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 85-94
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v4i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/122/50
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Ratna Santi, Gusmaini Gusmaini, Mamik Sarwendah
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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