Application of Passive Range of Motion (ROM) Exercises to Increase the Strength of the Limb Muscles in Patients with Stroke Cases

Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

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Title Application of Passive Range of Motion (ROM) Exercises to Increase the Strength of the Limb Muscles in Patients with Stroke Cases
Penerapan Latihan Range of Motion (ROM) Pasif terhadap Peningkatan Kekuatan Otot Ekstremitas pada Pasien dengan Kasus Stroke
 
Creator Agusrianto, Agusrianto
Rantesigi, Nirva
 
Subject stroke
passive ROM
nursing care
stroke
ROM pasif
asuhan keperawatan
 
Description Stroke is a condition that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted due to blockage or rupture of brain blood vessels with symptoms such as hemipareseis, slurred speech, difficulty walking, loss of balance and decreased muscle strength. The aim of knowing the application of passive Range of motion (ROM) exercises in non-hemorrhagic stroke patients with limb paralysis. This research method used a descriptive method with a case study approach in which one stroke patient was given passive ROM exercises. The results showed that data on decreased consciousness, BP 170/120 mm / Hg and decreased limb muscle strength. Nursing diagnosis of physical mobility impairment, the nursing intervention given was passive ROM exercises twice a day aimed at increasing muscle strength. Evaluation after six days of intervention, the patient could move his hands and feet. In the upper/ lower right limb from scale 2 to scale 3 and the upper / lower left limb from 0 to 1. The conclusion after being given passive ROM exercises, stroke patients experienced increased muscle strength in both extremities.
Stroke adalah suatu kondisi yang terjadi ketika pasokan darah ke otak terganggu karena sumbatan atau pecahnya pembuluh darah otak dengan gejala seperti hemiparesis, bicara pelo, kesulitan berjalan, kehilangan keseimbangan dan kekuatan otot menurun. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui penerapan latihan Range of Motion (ROM) pasif pada pasien non haemoragik stroke dengan kelumpuhan ekstremitas. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan  pendekatan studi kasus yaitu 1 orang pasien non hemoragik stroke dan diberi latihan ROM pasif. Hasil penelitian didapatkan data penurunan kesadaran, TD 170/120 mm/Hg dan kekuatan otot ekstremitas menurun. Diagnosa keperawatan hambatan mobilitas fisik, intervensi keperawatan yang diberikan adalah latihan ROM pasif dua kali sehari bertujuan dapat meningkatkan kekuatan otot. Evaluasi setelah enam hari pemberian intervensi pasien dapat menggerakkan tangan dan kakinya. Pada ektremitas kanan atas/bawah dari semula skala 2 menjadi skala 3 dan ektremitas kiri atas/bawah dari semula skala  0 menjadi skala 1. Kesimpulan  sesudah diberikan latihan ROM pasif pasien stroke mengalami peningkatan kekuatan otot pada kedua ekstremitas.
 
Publisher LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros
 
Date 2020-08-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/48
10.36590/jika.v2i2.48
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol. 2 No. 2 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 2 Agustus 2020; 61-66
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol 2 No 2 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 2 Agustus 2020; 61-66
2686-2883
2337-9847
10.36590/jika.v2i2
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/48/29
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Agusrianto Agusrianto, Nirva Rantesigi
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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